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Prostitution

Eine Begleiterin der Menschheit / A Companion of Mankind

Edited By Frank Jacob

Prostitution ist scheinbar genauso alt wie die Menschheit selbst und gilt nicht von ungefähr als das «älteste Gewerbe» überhaupt. Dieser Band versteht sich als interdisziplinäre, chronologisch sowie global umfassende Analyse des Phänomens und bietet dem Fachpublikum und dem interessierten Leser gleichermaßen eine breite Darstellung der Prostitution aus historischer, soziologischer, genderorientierter sowie kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive. Untersucht werden dabei die Rolle von Prostituierten in der Gesellschaft, die Rezeption des Gewerbes per se sowie die Rahmenbedingungen, unter denen sich ein solches etablieren kann.
Prostitution seems to be as old as humanity itself and is consequently not described as the «oldest profession» without cause. This anthology is an interdisciplinary, chronological and regional extensive approach to analyze the phenomenon. It provides a broad historical, sociological, cultural, and gender perspective on prostitution for the academic as well as the interested reader alike. It examines the role of prostitutes in society, the reception of the profession per se and the conditions due to which it is established.
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Images of Prostitution in Peruvian History: Legislation, Punishment, Public Health and Social Interest (XV–XX Centuries)

Extract

1

Whore of Lima, always stands on the same corner

Eager to catch you, I am walking by this avenue

Escaping for a moment of the” chongo”2 of the city

Whore of Lima, release me from this loneliness.3

Introduction

“Peruvian historians don’t talk about sex”, Pablo Macera began over 40 years ago in his famous article “Sex and Colonialism”4. Despite the elapsed time, the sentence can still be applied to modern-day Peruvian society. While the Annales School in Peru5 has made progress on the study of this subject, it remains to be one of the few areas working on the topic. Sex is one of the main themes of the human sociability, yet Peruvian historiography continues to treat it as something that does not deserve further academic comment or inquiry. This dearth of acknowledgement can be partly attributed to the cultural patterns and mindset that is still present in Peruvian society. There remains to be deeply patriarchal features, dominated by a mute and hypocritical retained sexuality, as Foucault pointed out in premodern societies.6 Giddens also pointed out that for these societies the influence of the religious cosmology in the organization of the moral and religious practices of everyday life ← 445 | 446 → is also considerable.7 The Christian religion (which was implanted in Peru with the Spanish conquest in the sixteenth century) taught peoples to treat sex as a sin and as a predominantly Catholic country to the...

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