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Prostitution

Eine Begleiterin der Menschheit / A Companion of Mankind

Frank Jacob

Prostitution ist scheinbar genauso alt wie die Menschheit selbst und gilt nicht von ungefähr als das «älteste Gewerbe» überhaupt. Dieser Band versteht sich als interdisziplinäre, chronologisch sowie global umfassende Analyse des Phänomens und bietet dem Fachpublikum und dem interessierten Leser gleichermaßen eine breite Darstellung der Prostitution aus historischer, soziologischer, genderorientierter sowie kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive. Untersucht werden dabei die Rolle von Prostituierten in der Gesellschaft, die Rezeption des Gewerbes per se sowie die Rahmenbedingungen, unter denen sich ein solches etablieren kann.
Prostitution seems to be as old as humanity itself and is consequently not described as the «oldest profession» without cause. This anthology is an interdisciplinary, chronological and regional extensive approach to analyze the phenomenon. It provides a broad historical, sociological, cultural, and gender perspective on prostitution for the academic as well as the interested reader alike. It examines the role of prostitutes in society, the reception of the profession per se and the conditions due to which it is established.
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(Homosexual) Male Sex Work: Sociological Representations, Social Realities and New Normalizations

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Homosexual male sex work1 is undoubtedly a complex phenomenon, underestimated and overlooked not just in scientific research,2 but also in social policy. The social realities of sex work, as well as the sex workers themselves, are often pigeonholed and confused with various other phenomena (including child abuse; paedophilia; human trafficking and exploitation; drug use and addiction, etc.), which, though they may sometimes be involved, have swayed the focus of research. Another fundamental aspect which has prevented unbiased analysis is its juxtaposition with the social “threat” of homosexuality, an association which has conditioned some researchers and members of the public, as well as legislators and other “moral entrepreneurs”, with the dual effect of concealing the phenomenon, and provoking a zealous social reaction and forms of stigmatization.3 From a purely theoretical point of view, male (and homosexual) sex work calls into question many feminist theories, particularly in their radical and essentialist forms4, which consider “prostitution” as an expression of static gender relations, in which the “male” has a dominant position and only the “female” is objectified, for male pleasure. Gay theory has also been undermined, and certain theories and political-cultural debates regarding the gay ← 99 | 100 → community have been contradicted; those which, particularly in Anglo-American contexts, center on the normalization of lesbian and gay subjectivities,5 involving risks related to the creation of neo-liberal standards of “citizenship”6, at the expense of other “embarrassing” subjectivities (including transgender, etc.).7

Male sex work also calls into question theories...

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