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The Physician as a Rebellious Intellectual

The Book of the Two Pieces of Advice or "Kitāb al-Naṣīḥatayn</I> by c Abd al-Laţīf ibn Yūsuf al-Baghdādī (1162-1231)- Introduction, Edition and Translation of the Medical Section

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N. Peter Joosse

The medical section of the Kitāb al-Naṣīḥatayn or Book of the Two Pieces of Advice by the medieval author c Abd al-Laţīf ibn Yūsuf al-Baghdādī (1162-1231) challenges the idea that Arabic-Islamic medicine declined after the twelfth century A.D. Moreover, it offers some interesting insights into the social history of medicine. c Abd al-Laţīf composed his work as a diatribe directed against false knowledge, and employed the framework of Greek medical epistemology to criticize the rationalist physicians of his day and age. He argued that female and itinerant practitioners, relying on experience, were superior to some rationalists, and decried the wickedness and incompetence of certain medical practitioners of his time. In addition, he lambasted contemporaneous medical education because it put too much faith in a restricted number of textbooks such as the Canon of Medicine by the celebrated physician Ibn Sīnā (Avicenna), or chiefly relied on imperfect abridgments. The medical section of the Book of the Two Pieces of Advice is translated here for the first time in a modern language. It is preceded by a lengthy introduction that highlights c Abd al-Laţīfs complicated relation to both medicine and alchemy. The present study also contains the first full bibliography on c Abd al-Laţīf ibn Yūsuf al-Baghdādī and his milieu.
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Extract

Beihefte zur Mediaevistik Monographien, Editionen, Sammelbände

Herausgegeben von Peter Dinzelbacher

Band1Albrecht Classen: Verzweiflung und Hoffnung. Die Suche nach der kommunikativen Gemeinschaft in der deutschen Literatur des Mittelalters. 2002.

Band2Ralph Frenken: Kindheit und Mystik im Mittelalter. 2002.

Band3Werner Steinwarder: Romanische Kunst als politische Propaganda im Erzbistum Lund während der Waldemarzeit. Studien, besonders zum Bild der Heiligen Drei Könige. 2003.

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