Festschrift für Georg Fischer SJ zum 60. Geburtstag
Edited By Dominik Markl, Claudia Paganini and Simone Paganini
The Image of YHWH as Presented in Exodus 16
In his most recently published book, Theologien des Alten Testaments,1 Georg Fischer brings out two principle representations of God in the book of Exodus: God as the liberator and as the lawgiver (Gott als Befreier und als Gesetzgeber). These two divine images effectively match the two main parts of Exodus: the section from 1:1 to 15:21 deals mainly with the Lord’s liberation of the Israelites from their slavery in Egypt, and chapters 19–40 are essentially concerned with the covenantal Law of Mount Sinai. Divine activity in these two areas is orientated towards the forming of the Israelites as a free and dignified people in their exclusive relationship with God.
Within this theological and structural framework for the entire exodus narrative, the remaining section, 15:22–18:27, forms a transitional literary block, describing the Israelites’ desert journey towards Mount Sinai, where God intends them to go to worship him.2 Here the reader easily catches sight of the recurrence of the first main theme (God as the liberator, cf. 16:6.32; 18:1.8–11; cf. also implicitly in 17:8–16) as well as of the initial signs of the second one (God as the lawgiver, cf. 15:26; 16:4.28; 18:15–16.23).
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