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Language Contact Around the Globe

Proceedings of the LCTG3 Conference


Edited By Amei Koll-Stobbe and Sebastian Knospe

The fifth volume in the series Language Competence and Language Awareness in Europe unites a collection of peer-reviewed papers delivered at the Third Conference on Language Contact in Times of Globalization (LCTG3) at the University of Greifswald in 2011. The papers are arranged in five thematic sections: Part I studies lexical and grammatical borrowing and pseudo-loans. Part II looks at code-switching and language intertwining in different contexts, while Part III is concerned with the power, political backup and use of different languages in multilingual settings. This is followed by Part IV which comprises three articles on the Linguistic Landscapes of different urban areas. Finally, Part V focuses on language choices in literature and institutional settings.
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Cristiano Furiassi (University of Turin): False Italianisms in English dictionaries and corpora


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False Italianisms in English dictionaries and corpora

Cristiano Furiassi


Although false borrowings – probably due to their reduced quantitative impact on the lexicon – have been usually disregarded by linguists and lexicographers, they undoubtedly bear witness to the creative potential of language contact. After clarifying the terminological issues involved, this article, focusing on false Italianisms in English, aims at defining the phenomenon and devising a typology. The presence of false Italianisms in British English and American English is also quantified and assessed by means of a corpus analysis based on previous meta-lexicographic investigations. Different degrees of prototypicality of each false Italianism are determined, the congruities and/or mismatches between dictionary entries and corpus concordances are verified, and the quantitative differences regarding the use of false Italianisms in the two varieties of English considered are highlighted.1

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