Patterns of Imagery in Language
Edited By Marek Kuźniak, Agnieszka Libura and Michał Szawerna
Cognitive grammar methods in the study of Polish emotion verbs
Marta Dobrowolska University of Wrocław
We argue that the application of cognitive grammar tools in the research of emotions in Polish can shed new light on the linguistic phenomena germane to emotions. Wierzbicka (1995) has observed that Slavic languages tend to use verbs to speak of emotions. This suggests that Polish emotion verbs require serious attention on the part of researchers. We outline the current state of research on emotions, with a special focus on the role of cognitive linguistics. Against this background, we point to current trends in cognitive research regarding emotion phenomena. The lexical analysis of corpus data, including emotion verbs, is assisted by the analytic tools of the kind introduced by Dziwirek & Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk (2010): corpus analysis supplies the context of the actual use of expressions. We propose that cognitive grammar terms can be useful in describing verbal polysemy, as well as in analyzing grammatical forms and lexical and grammatical frames within which particular verbs occur. This methodology appears appropriate for a detailed analysis of individual verbs, thus making a noteworthy contribution to the research on Polish emotion lexis.
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