Patterns of Imagery in Language
Edited By Marek Kuźniak, Agnieszka Libura and Michał Szawerna
Gradation in the 'friend-enemy' opposition in English and Russian
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Gradation in the ‘friend–enemy’ opposition in English and Russian
Olga Luntcova Magnitogorsk State University
This paper deals with such concepts as duality, binary opposition, on the one hand, and gradations and gradual opposition, on the other hand. Based on the cognitive approach to the study of opposites the current research suggests that the ‘friend–enemy’ opposition, traditionally thought of as binary in English and Russian, appears to be gradual. Thus, the ‘friend–enemy’ opposition being treated both as a whole concept and a semantic field finds its expression in a number of ternary and multi-member oppositions revealing its various features.
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