The Paradigms of Fiction
Mediating the World in the Novels of Iain Banks: The Paradigms of Fiction thus develops a critical paradigm capable of uniting the extremely versatile mainstream production of this Scottish writer.
← 320 | 321 → CONCLUSION
The analysis contained in this book reveals that there exists a drive among Banks’s characters to perceive, interpret, and thus (re)construct the world in accordance with their personal worldviews. Such an individual mediation can be attributed to three major reasons. Firstly, the act of forwarding one’s own world-picture functions as a medium of escape from the outside world which is frequently seen by the character as a negatively marked space – hostile, disintegrated, suffocating, exhausting, chaotic, immoral, etc, creating instead a space which yields to individual control. Secondly, by semioticizing “objective” reality into idiosyncratic world models, the characters can familiarize or domesticate the surrounding world in order to make it more meaningful or comprehensible, or to ensure their own place within its borders. Thirdly, the act of subjective mediation is used to manipulate other characters and the fabric of the perceptible reality in order to achieve one’s own ends, or challenge (usually in some radical way) an unsatisfactory vision of the world. These three functions, three intentions on the part of Banks’s characters, are visible in various degrees in each of the four spatial models, sometimes in combination, at other times with a discernible predominance of one particular function.
In the blueprint novel, The Wasp Factory, all three functions appear simultaneously and can hardly be distinguished as separate motivators. Frank withdraws from the frightening and hostile outside world, which he blames for his emasculation, into the refuge of his own insular realm. His self-devised substitute identities let him...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.