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Knowledge, Action, Pluralism

Contemporary Perspectives in Philosophy of Religion

Edited By Sebastian Kolodziejczyk and Janusz Salamon

In this book, an international team of scholars from leading American, British and Continental European universities, led by Richard Swinburne, Eleonore Stump, William Wainwright and Linda Zagzebski, presents original ideas about three currently discussed topics in the philosophy of religion: religious epistemology, the philosophy of God’s action in the world, including the problem of evil and Divine Providence, and the philosophical challenge of religious diversity. The book contains echoes of all four main strands of the late 20th century philosophy of religion: Richard Swinburne’s philosophical theology, Alvin Plantinga’s reformed epistemology, John Hick’s theory of religious pluralism, and the philosophy of religion inspired by the work of the later Wittgenstein. One of the distinguishing features of this volume is that it mirrors a new trend towards philosophical cooperation across the so-called continental/analytic divide.
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Towards a New Natural Theology: Between Reformed Epistemology and Wittgensteinian Thomism


Marco Damonte

In the past century, natural theology underwent several attacks. Heidegger accused it of degenerating into onto-theology; post-modernism regards it as harmful meta-narration; neo-positivism affirmed that every proposition about God was senseless and even theologians looked at it with suspicion. In the last decades, the attention of analytic philosophers of religion for natural theology has increased. The aim of my paper is to propose a new natural theology. In order to do this, I will examine first the position of Reformed Epistemologists. They are critical towards the modern project of natural theology, but I consider their works to be a new way to go about natural theology. I will then take Wittgensteinian Thomists into consideration, paying attention to the role, which they recognize, of rationality which leads to religious faith. Finally, I will compare these positions and I will suggest a definition for this discipline, specifying the authors and the themes to be studied in the near future.

I. Suggestions from Reformed Epistemology

Speaking about Reformed Epistemology, I have in mind authors such as Plantinga, Alston, Wolterstorff and Wainwright. Their general project consists in the identification, the criticism, and the replacement of the epistemological paradigm of modernity based on deontologism, internalism and foundationalism. As far as philosophy of religion is concerned, this paradigm is imposed to furnish arguments to have and to keep religious beliefs: rational theology had the task of formulating and defending these arguments. Reformed Epistemologists reject the evidentialistic...

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