Contemporary Perspectives in Philosophy of Religion
Edited By Sebastian Kolodziejczyk and Janusz Salamon
Towards a New Natural Theology: Between Reformed Epistemology and Wittgensteinian Thomism
In the past century, natural theology underwent several attacks. Heidegger accused it of degenerating into onto-theology; post-modernism regards it as harmful meta-narration; neo-positivism affirmed that every proposition about God was senseless and even theologians looked at it with suspicion. In the last decades, the attention of analytic philosophers of religion for natural theology has increased. The aim of my paper is to propose a new natural theology. In order to do this, I will examine first the position of Reformed Epistemologists. They are critical towards the modern project of natural theology, but I consider their works to be a new way to go about natural theology. I will then take Wittgensteinian Thomists into consideration, paying attention to the role, which they recognize, of rationality which leads to religious faith. Finally, I will compare these positions and I will suggest a definition for this discipline, specifying the authors and the themes to be studied in the near future.
I. Suggestions from Reformed Epistemology
Speaking about Reformed Epistemology, I have in mind authors such as Plantinga, Alston, Wolterstorff and Wainwright. Their general project consists in the identification, the criticism, and the replacement of the epistemological paradigm of modernity based on deontologism, internalism and foundationalism. As far as philosophy of religion is concerned, this paradigm is imposed to furnish arguments to have and to keep religious beliefs: rational theology had the task of formulating and defending these arguments. Reformed Epistemologists reject the evidentialistic...
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