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Knowledge, Action, Pluralism

Contemporary Perspectives in Philosophy of Religion

Edited By Sebastian Kolodziejczyk and Janusz Salamon

In this book, an international team of scholars from leading American, British and Continental European universities, led by Richard Swinburne, Eleonore Stump, William Wainwright and Linda Zagzebski, presents original ideas about three currently discussed topics in the philosophy of religion: religious epistemology, the philosophy of God’s action in the world, including the problem of evil and Divine Providence, and the philosophical challenge of religious diversity. The book contains echoes of all four main strands of the late 20th century philosophy of religion: Richard Swinburne’s philosophical theology, Alvin Plantinga’s reformed epistemology, John Hick’s theory of religious pluralism, and the philosophy of religion inspired by the work of the later Wittgenstein. One of the distinguishing features of this volume is that it mirrors a new trend towards philosophical cooperation across the so-called continental/analytic divide.
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Providence Interiorized: Maimonides, Kierkegaard and Weil on Divine Providence

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N. Verbin

The concept of ‘divine providence’ has occupied a central place in philosophical and theological debates for over 2000 years. Philosophers and theologians inquired, among other issues, about the nature of divine providence, about its compatibility or incompatibility with divine foreknowledge, with human freedom, and with the reality of suffering and affliction, as well as about the very existence of divine providence and what it means to assert it. Despite the rich heritage of debate and discussion, the contemporary debate in the Anglo-American world is limited in scope. It is largely concerned with the validity of Molinism, presupposing a highly circumscribed conception of ‘divine providence’.

In a characteristic passage, Thomas Flint makes the following comments concerning the nature of an ‘orthodox’ conception of divine providence, taking it for granted that divine providence has to do, first and foremost, with divine agency:

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