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Chinese Culture in a Cross-Cultural Comparison


Edited By Michael B. Hinner

Chinese culture has a very long and extraordinary tradition. With China’s rapid economic growth and a population of more than one billion people, China has become a very important market for many companies. In order to conduct business in a particular country, it is necessary to also understand the culture of that country. After all, culture influences people’s behavior and communication – also in the world of business. That is why an understanding of a country’s culture is crucial when communicating with all relevant stakeholders including its consumers, businesses, employees, and government authorities. This eighth volume of the Freiberger Beiträge seeks to provide some essential insights into Chinese culture to help improve transactions and relationships with Chinese stakeholders. The contributing authors help explain the various facets of Chinese culture revolving around communication, business negotiations, and conflict management.
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Traditional Value Orientations and Argumentative Tendencies in Chinese Societies


By Ling Chen and Jung Hui Becky Yeh

Ling Chen and Jung Hui Becky Yeh note that cross-cultural communication studies typically focus on general dimensions of variability among cultures and how variations may be associated with communication practices across cultures. Unfortunately, such an approach typically overlooks the variability and change within a culture. The authors, thus, take a closer look at three societies that are considered to be part of Greater China and the core of Chinese culture; namely, Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. While sharing ethnic and cultural roots, these three societies, though, have different social systems and have been governed by different philosophies and ideologies for about a century and a half, Chen and Yeh point out. That is why they sought to determine to what extent the divergent social developments have impacted the contemporary mindset, the value system, and the argumentative tendency in these three societies.

Mainland China has experienced communism for six decades and an erosion of authority as well as a somewhat dissipation of the social distinction between superior and subordinates. People do not hesitate to express their opinion as long as it does not concern the party line and politics. At the same time, the economic system created a needy society with a scarcity of material goods until about two decades ago. Hong Kong continues to see traditional numerology and ancestor worship go hand-in-hand with liberal social policies and laissez-faire capitalism. As a former British colony, it...

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