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Chinese Culture in a Cross-Cultural Comparison


Edited By Michael B. Hinner

Chinese culture has a very long and extraordinary tradition. With China’s rapid economic growth and a population of more than one billion people, China has become a very important market for many companies. In order to conduct business in a particular country, it is necessary to also understand the culture of that country. After all, culture influences people’s behavior and communication – also in the world of business. That is why an understanding of a country’s culture is crucial when communicating with all relevant stakeholders including its consumers, businesses, employees, and government authorities. This eighth volume of the Freiberger Beiträge seeks to provide some essential insights into Chinese culture to help improve transactions and relationships with Chinese stakeholders. The contributing authors help explain the various facets of Chinese culture revolving around communication, business negotiations, and conflict management.
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An Analysis on the Relationship between the Contemporary Chinese Administrative Culture and Administrative Reforms


By Lisheng Dong

Lisheng Dong looks at Chinese administrative culture and how that culture affects the current and future administrative reforms in China. Traditional Chinese administrative culture is based on the natural economy, and Confucianism is the philosophical foundation while the feudal patriarchal system is the social foundation. It advocates, on the one hand, benevolence, a policy of putting people first, and cultivating the moral self while rulers should treat people like their sons. On the other hand, traditional Chinese administrative culture emphasizes the supremacy of power resulting in bureaucratic social custom teaching people to be obedient to their superiors, Dong notes.

Since the mid 19th century, Western administrative culture has gradually exerted its influence on Chinese culture. Starting in 1978, elements of Western administrative culture have been gradually applied to China’s administrative management. A third element of Chinese administrative culture is the centrally planned socialist administration modeled after the Soviet Union.

Dong notes that since 1978, the “rule of man” has been gradually replaced by the “rule of law.” The leader-centered administrative culture goes back all the way to the Chinese imperial court. It then got blended with the Soviet version of communism that was also leader centered, e.g. Lenin or Stalin. The old system was overstaffed and inefficient because it was subjective. But the Western style of administrative culture needs to be accepted by Chinese society, the author points out. In Dong’s opinion, China has to undergo a cultural transformation...

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