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Chinese Culture in a Cross-Cultural Comparison


Edited By Michael B. Hinner

Chinese culture has a very long and extraordinary tradition. With China’s rapid economic growth and a population of more than one billion people, China has become a very important market for many companies. In order to conduct business in a particular country, it is necessary to also understand the culture of that country. After all, culture influences people’s behavior and communication – also in the world of business. That is why an understanding of a country’s culture is crucial when communicating with all relevant stakeholders including its consumers, businesses, employees, and government authorities. This eighth volume of the Freiberger Beiträge seeks to provide some essential insights into Chinese culture to help improve transactions and relationships with Chinese stakeholders. The contributing authors help explain the various facets of Chinese culture revolving around communication, business negotiations, and conflict management.
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Cultures and Sino-American Catching-Up Advancement: Ecultrnomics as an Approach of Xystematics


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Introduction to Cultures and Sino-American Catching-Up Advancement: Ecultrnomics as an Approach of Xsystematics

By Victor Lux Tonn

Victor Lux Tonn seeks to answer the question as to whether China will catch up to the USA in the foreseeable future. In order to provide an answer, the author applies xystematics which seeks to explore the totality of the methods of holistic, qualitative, substantive, structural, and relational inquiries of all entities of the universe. Catching-up processes involve the culture-institutional-and-strategic advantages of a latecomer in catching up to the leader. The author also introduces ecultrnomics which he defines as the economics of culture. Tonn notes that two fundamentally different approaches of economic advancement are instituted.

The first approach, the author notes, involves a two-directional, two-pronged and two-dimensional strategy in pursuing a relatively imbalanced path of simultaneous domestic production promotion and foreign trade expansion while advancing indigenous technology. In contrast, the other approach focuses on the consumption spending of the government and the development of financial assets and financial manipulations in domestic and global markets by the private sector while at the same time not ignoring the growth of real good production and technological advancement.

Tonn concludes that the USA needs to either renovate its culture, economy, and nature in general by absorbing deeper xystematic rationality and cultures of inward spirituality, engaging in drastic educational reforms, and initiating large projects of national territorial development. While the USA does possess the benefits of rulings...

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