The educational system in each country reflects the values and talents that are considered important in that particular culture. Most of the cultures build their educational system on a concept of an intelligence, which is defined in Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences as the ability to solve problems, or to create products, that are valued within one or more cultural settings. Researchers and educators are challenged to identify the values and foundations underlying their practice. This book brings together recent work by leading international researchers in the fields of education, philosophy and psychology. It consists of thirteen chosen articles from the 10th Conference of the European Council for High Ability. The book is divided into four parts. While the first part deals with the values, virtues and gifts, the second part contains empirical studies on giftedness in the life-span. The third part is about science and high ability students. The fourth part discusses holistic education for high ability students.