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The Transference of the Three Mediating Institutions of Salvation from Caiaphas to Jesus

A Study of Jn 11: 45-54 in the light of the Akan Myth of the Crossing of a River


Raymond Ahoua

«It is better one man dies than the whole nation perishes» (Jn 11: 50). Caiaphas’ sentence goes beyond ethical principles and religious expectations. It appears as the saying of a cynic politician. Besides, it is seen as the perfidious advice of a corrupted high priest to the members of the Sanhedrin. Who is this man on whose saying a school is formed? Who is this man who played the most important role in the death of Jesus? Indeed Caiaphas’ sentence gives rise to the following relevant question: is the prohibition of killing (Dt. 5: 17), even the killing of a single individual in order to save a whole nation, legitimate? Thus, many issues that are associated with this high priest are associated with Jesus.
The book is mainly an exegetical and comparative analysis of Jn 11: 45-54 and the Akan myth of the crossing of the river. By providing new theological insights into Caiaphas link to Jesus’ death, it gives pertinent answers to the above questions.
Contents: Inculturation: Dialogue between Jn 11: 45-54 and the Akan Myth – High Priesthood Enshrines Many Mediating Institutions of Salvation – Foundation of Caiaphas’ Kinship: His Pontificate – African Christian Theology: One and the Same God for Creation and Salvation – African Christology: Jesus, the Gift par Excellence – African Ecclesiology: Jesus, the Gatherer par Excellence.