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The Divine Body in History

A comparative study of the symbolism of time and embodiment in St Augustine and Rāmānuja

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Ankur Barua

This is a study in the field of comparative philosophy of religion. It initiates a dialogue between St Augustine and Rāmānuja by focusing on two central themes – time and embodiment – that play a crucial role in their thought. The elaborations of these two themes by St Augustine and Rāmānuja have continued to exert a tremendous influence on the histories of European thought and of Hindu movements centred around the notion of bhakti. The examination of the symbolism through which these thinkers articulate their understanding of time and embodiment also challenges certain stereotypes related to classical Indian thought and Latin Christendom, such as the former’s lack of historical consciousness and the latter’s denigration of the human body. This study shows how the ‘west’ and ‘east’ have traditionally engaged with concepts such as temporality, progress and the metaphysical status of finite and bio-physical reality.
Contents: Inter-religious dialogue between Hinduism and Christianity – St Augustine and Rāmānuja as dialogue partners – Human embodiment in a temporal world – Symbolising human embodiment – The ambiguous body and the notion of hierarchy – Symbolising time – The doctrine of creation and the origins of the temporal world – The question of pantheism – The ordering of embodied desires – The idea of progress and the notion of world-negation – Human bodies in the divine body.