Contemporary studies in both anthropology and sociology reveal that rites develop and have meaning within the life of particular communities and their culture. Rites are thus human creations, though in a unique way. When rites and the words that go with them are no longer affecting choices about the crucial issues of life, they gradually lose their status; they are revised or even rejected. This appears to be the fate of the sacrament of reconciliation today. Although so central in the mission of Jesus that it became a sacrament in his Church, reconciliation has fallen into disuse at a time when most needed. This book contends that the importation of cultural elements, notions, signs and symbols from a different cultural setting to another is responsible for the crisis in the present practice of confession among the Igbo Christians.