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The Shaping of the Double Vision

The Symbolic Systems of the Italian Novels of Edward Morgan Forster


Krzysztof Fordonski

This study presents the formative period of the English novelist E. M. Forster (1879-1970) with a special stress on the usage of symbolism in his early fiction. The book offers a new approach to Forster’s symbolism derived from the theoretical studies of Michael Riffaterre and his concept of symbolic systems – subtext and syllepsis. The author presents the most important symbols as used in the discussed novels and their usage in Forster’s later works. A further part of the study concentrates on the issue of spatial symbolism. The symbolism of the Italian novels A Room with a View and Where Angels Fear to Tread is presented as an artistic means for the introduction of social issues especially important for the writer, as well as a method of concealed presentation of issues which for social and personal reasons Forster could not include openly in his works such as homosexuality.
Contents: Forster, E. M. – Italian Novels – Symbol – Symbolism – Modernism – Edwardian literature – Homosexuality – Gay and lesbian studies – Subtext.