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National Socialism in Oceania

A Critical Evaluation of its Effect and Aftermath


Emily Turner-Graham and Christine Winter

In today’s security-conscious environment, the loyalties and allegiances of migrant communities are increasingly being brought into question. Drawing on the collected knowledge of a number of Australian experts investigating interwar issues of security, surveillance and civic rights from the perspective of migration studies, this book aims, through the examination of individuals and groups in Oceania who were targeted for potential subversion or believed to hold National Socialist sympathies (including local National Socialists, Italian-Australians, Russian exiles, members of the right-wing movements the New Guard and Australia First), to consider how issues of security were regarded at another critical point in world history and what lessons we may learn from that period today. This book examines a variety of motives for embracing National Socialism and investing hope in the Third Reich. Attitudes shifted over time from enthusiasm to scepticism and disappointment. But, most importantly, beyond support and opposition, there was a surprising level of disengagement and indifference from sister movements on the radical right. This groundbreaking study defies easy answers and previously-held understandings, and will stimulate debate and further research.
Contents: Christine Winter/Emily Turner-Graham: Introduction – Emily Turner-Graham: ‘The Forest is the Original Home of the German Soul’: Die Brücke and the Complexities of Finding a Racial Landscape – James N. Bade: Count Felix von Luckner’s 1938 «Propaganda» Visit to New Zealand and its Consequences – Christine Winter: The NSDAP Stronghold Finschhafen, New Guinea – Barbara Winter: Arnold von Skerst: Servant of Two Masters – Thomas Poole: An Almost Innocent Association: Russians and Fascism in Queensland (1935-1945) – Gianfranco Cresciani: A not so Brutal Friendship. Italian Responses to National Socialism in Australia – Andrew Moore: The Nazification of the New Guard: Colonel Campbell’s Fascist Odyssey, 1933-1938 – Georgina Fitzpatrick: ‘A fellow of slogans and attitudes’: Leslie Cahill, National Socialism and the Australia First Movement – Paul R. Bartrop: «Authority can take no risks»: Australia and the Internment of Enemy Aliens during the Second World War – Ann Beaglehole: Locked up and Guarded ‘Lest [They] Escaped to Help their Mortal Enemies’ Jewish Internees in New Zealand during the Second World War – Helga Griffin: At Home in Exile: Ambiguities of War-time Patriotism – Andrew G. Bonnell: Stephen Roberts and the Nazi Threat, 1938-39 – John Moses: The Church of England in Australia, Nazi Germany and the Reception of Jewish Refugees – Suzanne D. Rutland: Nazis Unwelcome! The Jewish Community and the 1950s German Migration Scheme – Olga Hedwig Janice Krause (Leafa Wilson): Ich Heiße Olga Hedwig Krause: Deutsche Künstlerin - My Name is Olga Hedwig Krause: German Artist.