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Bloodguilt, Atonement, and Mercy

An Exegetical and Theological Study of 2 Samuel 21:1-14

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Jinsoo Kim

It is said in 2 Samuel 21:1-14 that YHWH sends a three-year famine to his people because of their former King Saul‘s misdeed against the Gibeonites, their old treaty partner. As we know, Saul died earlier in the battle against the Philistines on Mount Gilboa (1 Sam. 31:1-6) – YHWH‘S punishment for Saul‘s disobedience to his command (1 Sam. 28:15-19). Why then does his cause have to be retried, and why in David‘s reign, and why, this time, with a huge national disaster? Is YHWH so vengeful as to continue to exact punishment?
Contents: Research History – Textual Criticism – Exegetical Investigation of 2 Samuel 21:1-14 – 2 Samuel 21:1-14 in Its Context – The Literary Character of 2 Samuel 21:1-14 – The Image of God in 2 Samuel 21:1-14.