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The Philosophical Thought of Tasan Chŏng

Translation from the German by Tobias J. Körtner- In cooperation with Jordan Nyenyembe

Shin-Ja Kim

Practical Learning, Catholicism and classical Confucianism form the origin of Tasan Chŏng’s philosophy in a uniform interrelation. The first part of this study discusses the development of Neo-Confucianism, its criticism, the development of the Practical Learning, the introduction of European sciences, the influence of Catholicism on the traditional Confucian society and its theoretical dispute. The second part deals with the Catholic influence on Tasan, the criticism of the Neo-Confucian metaphysics and his theories about the human nature and about the Confucian humanity as main subjects of ethics, as well as the incompatibility between Catholicism and Confucian ethics for Tasan. In the third part, Tasan’s theory of the ideal state is investigated, namely his theories on politics, society, economy and law.
Contents: Classical Confucianism – Neo-Confucianism – Practical Learning – Tasan’s Philosophy and Catholicism – View of God – Criticism of Neo-Confucian Metaphysics – Theory of the Nature of the Human Being – Theory of Ethics – Theory of the Ideal State.