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Children and Youth at Risk

Historical and International Perspectives

Christine Mayer, Ingrid Lohmann and Ian Grosvenor

Childhood and youth have been beset with risks at all times and in all geographic and cultural environments. What is perceived, discussed, described and investigated as a risk, however, is subject to considerable change over time. This shows in its specific effects on educational practices, institutions, theories, and political measures. The focus of this book is a look at the historical development, shaping, and construction of risk elements in childhood and youth and their pedagogical implications and effects. This issue is being approached and explored from different angles: There are the restrictions, controls, dangers and constraints affecting children in their physical, psychological and social development. There are the ideas and conceptions of education struggling for moral and social dominance at the individual and societal level. And there are the dangers and threats posed by children and youths themselves.
Contents: Ian Grosvenor/Ingrid Lohmann/Christine Mayer: Children and youth at risk: An introduction – Rebekka Horlacher: Onanism as endangering salvation? Theory and practice in an educational institute around 1800 – Karin Priem: Photography as a mode of enquiry: On the perception of children with educational needs – José F. Jiménez Trujillo: Protection of childhood during the Spanish Civil War: Art and propaganda on the Republican side – Fabio Pruneri: The risk of freedom. Young people and national rebuilding in Italy after World War II – Alice Arinlade Jekayinfa: Incidences of risky practices that are child abuse in Nigeria – Sara Aebi: Kept safe from the ‘evil world’. The Moravian boarding school for girls in Montmirail (Switzerland) between 1766 and 1800 – Tibor Bauder/Claudia Crotti: Labour, children and education in the first half of the 19th century. Socio-political and pedagogical endeavors in Switzerland – Marjoke Rietveld-van Wingerden: Reform in education of the deaf: David Hirsch and his school in Rotterdam (1853) – Josefina Granja Castro: Thinking childhood: Categories of schooling in Mexico, 1850-1930 – Maria Leonor Colaço: Photographic representation and the construction of identity in Casa Pia, a boarding school for destitute orphans, 1860-1950 – Polly Thanailaki: Young women at risk: Poverty, malnutrition and philantrophy. The role of charity schools in Greek society, 1830-1899 – Gisela Miller-Kipp: Hunger and help or how to feed children in meagre times. Health care and welfare in the District of Duesseldorf, 1890-1925 – Francisco Martín/Carmen Sanchidrían: Protection of abandoned children in Spain. The Casa de Misericordia in Málaga, 1911-1936 – Marcelo Caruso: ‘Teachers in miniature’. Moral risk, teaching monitors, and the opposition to the Bell-Lancaster-System in the early 19th century. A transnational perspective – James C. Albisetti: Young Neapolitans at risk: Julie Schwabe and the Hamburg-Manchester-connection – Pedro L. Moreno Martínez: Child protection within an international context: The 1908 reports by Álvaro López and Julián Juderías – Tim Allender: Girls at risk: The female learning space in colonial India, 1818-1919.