Does the Christian church replace the nation Israel in the plan of God? The doctrine of supersessionism answers this question in the affirmative. But is supersessionism a biblical doctrine? Michael J. Vlach offers a detailed examination of the view that the church is the new Israel that permanently takes the place of the nation Israel. He surveys the supersessionist view in church history and then examines its hermeneutical and theological arguments. He also presents a case against supersessionism. In a unique way, he lays out the arguments of both supersessionism and non-supersessionism and then offers his analysis of why supersessionism is not consistent with the biblical witness.