Critical study of the Holocaust began late in Israel, emerging gradually in the latter part of the 1960s. This book examines the link between history and memory in shaping Israel’s historiography of the Holocaust period in the two decades immediately following the Holocaust (1945-1961). During that time, three groups evolved in Israel as a result of the immediate catastrophic past: the professional historians in
Eretz Yisrael, the Jewish ghetto fighters and partisans, and the «ordinary» survivors. These groups were shaped by different experiences and conceptions, and although these groups differed radically, their interaction within Israel helped shape and construct Israel’s consciousness of the Holocaust.