The Meaning-Text Theory is a holistic linguistic theory characterized in particular by the central position of the lexicon, the primacy of semantics, the importance of the communicative structure (information structure), and the reliance on dependencies on the syntactic level of representation. MTT has been extensively developed over the last four decades with respect to the coverage of linguistic phenomena in different languages and application in a variety of fields, in particular lexicography and natural language processing (including text parsing and machine translation).The volume consists of 25 contributions (all written in English) and is devided into three parts. Part 1 presents the current state of the MTT model and its connection with other related frameworks. Part 2 deals with a broad range of semantic issues, focusing on the interaction of semantics with other levels of language, including morphology, syntax, and pragmatics. Part 3 is devoted to computational and lexicographic applications of MTT.The languages dealt with are mainly Russian, followed by English, Spanish, French, Czech, Estonian, German, and some non-European languages.