As the most important ancient cultural relics in prehistory, rock paintings have become a direct basis for the reproduction of human history and ideological process. Since the late 1970s, Yinshan rock paintings have been found in large quantities. In this study, 2842 Yinshan rock paintings are collected, sorted and classified systematically. The distribution characteristics of rock paintings in each area and the distribution and change rules of main rock painting types are summarized, and the staged study and age exploration are attempted. This book also places Yinshan rock paintings into the overall framework of Chinese rock paintings for analysis in order to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the overall characteristics and status of Yinshan rock paintings, and on this basis, preliminarily establishes the basic framework of Yinshan rock painting type distribution and chronological sequence.