The dis-integration of the Soviet Union has led to changes in agricultural and natural resource management in the Central Asian successor states. The book addresses the reform process in the agricultural and water management sector at the local level in Uzbekistan. The focus is on the privatization of agriculture and the shift from state and collective farms to Farm Organizations and to Water User Associations. The study uses political theory, social theory and new institutional economics to analyze and examine institutions and institutional change. Particular attention is given to key stakeholders in the agricultural sector and in water management organizations and to how they implemented the change.