Research on Social Studies

by Mehmet Ali İçbay (Volume editor) Hasan Arslan (Volume editor) Frederic Jacobs (Volume editor)
©2016 Edited Collection 253 Pages


This book is a collection of papers written by researchers, teachers, administrators, analysts and graduate students working and doing research in the field of social sciences. The topics in the book include a wide range of studies from the analysis of social science textbooks to the teachers’ image on newspapers, from the relationship between self-efficacy and cognitive level to the role of organizational silence on the academicians’ loneliness in the working life.

Table Of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • About the author(s)/editor(s)
  • About the book
  • This eBook can be cited
  • Contents
  • Foreword
  • A Study on the History Texts in Social Sciences Textbooks (Fourth Grade) in Terms of Genre and Theme
  • Examining Teacher Image via Columns in Turkish Newspapers
  • The Relationship Between Computer Teacher Candidates’ Perceptions towards Self-Efficacy and their Cognitive Flexibility Level
  • A Content Analysis of Entrepreneurship Skills in the Social Sciences Coursebooks for Fourth and Fifth Grade
  • The Comparison of Language and Literature Teaching in Turkey and Finland
  • Academic Administrators’ Views on Informatics Leadership
  • High School Students’ Metaphorical Perceptions about Laboratory Concept
  • Revealing student expectations on knowledge, skills, and teaching methods of design courses
  • A Study on the Attitudes of Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Grade Students Towards Earthquake Based on Different Variables: Simav Earthquake
  • The Construction of Children at the Primary Education Turkish Language Teaching Programme
  • Social Development of 5 and 6 Year Old Children in Terms of Employment Status of their Mothers
  • An Investigation of the Relationship Between Social Phobia and Parenting Attitudes
  • Body Integrity Identity Disorder – the Need to be Disabled. A Sociological Perspective on an ‘Abnormal’ Desire
  • The Role of Organisational Silence on Academicians’ Loneliness in Working Life
  • Challenges of research on the subject of elder abuse
  • An Examination of the Peer Mediation Process from the Perspective of Peer Mediators
  • Research on the Effect of Academicians’ Demographic Characteristics on Organisational Deviance Behaviour
  • The Reasons for Driving to Mobbing in Healthcare Sector and the Ways to Challenge it in Turkey
  • Turkish Adaptation of The Prenatal Maternal Expectations Scale (PMES)
  • Role of Gender in Decision Making and Argumentation
  • The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Body Satisfaction of Teenage Girls in Turkey in the Usage of Social Networking Site

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This book, Research on Social Studies, is a collection of papers on social studies written by educators and researchers. The topics include the analysis of social science textbooks, the teacher image on the newspapers, the relationship between self-efficacy and cognitive level, the role of organizational silence on the academicians’ loneliness in the working life and so on.

The first paper in this book was written by Nihat Karaer and Gulsen Altintas. In their study, Karaer and Altintas analyzed the genre and themes in the fourth grade social science textbooks. In the following study, Yaser Arslan and Soner Polar investigated the teacher image in the articles in the Turkish newspapers. Serpil Gunaydin and Gulcan Ozturk in their study examined the relationship between computer teacher candidates’ perception toward self-efficacy and their cognitive flexibility level. Similar to the previous studies in the book, Yucel Gelisli and Nuriye In analyzed the entrepreneurship skills in the fourth and fifth grade social science coursebooks. Senel Gercek and Hulya Cevirme compared the language and literature teaching programmes in Turkey and Finland and then discussed those similarities and and differences. In the following study, Mehmet Ulutas and Hasan Arslan in their qualitative study explored how the academic administrators in the universities viewed informatics leadership. I. Umit Yapici, in his study with 223 high school students in Diyarbakir, analyzed how they perceived laboratory concept with metaphors. The following paper by Z. Ezgi Haliloglu Kahraman explored the university students’ expectations about knowledge, skills, and teaching methods in the design courses in the department of interior architecture. Osman Yılmaz, Gulsen Altintas, Esin Urlu, and Okay Islak investigated the sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students’ attitudes on earthquake. Hulya Cevirme and Senel Gercek in their study discussed how the concept of childhood was constructed in Turkish language teaching curriculum in the primary education. In the following study with 114 girls and 86 boys, Hanife Akgul, Raziye Peksen Akca, and Birol Akgul evaluated the social development of 5 and 6 year old children according to the employment status of their mothers. Aynur Butun Ayhan and Utku Beyazit, in their study with 485 adolescents attending eighth grade in Ankara, investigated the parenting attitudes as risk factors on social phobia in adolescents. In the following study, Martin Burgenmeister explored Body Integrity Identity Disorder from a sociological perspective, investigating both sufferers’ perception of the phenomenon and its implications for the society’s view on disability. Tulay Demiralay and Ilkay Demiralay explored the role of organizational silence on ← 9 | 10 → the academicians’ loneliness in the working life. Serap Dasbas and Nur Feyzal Kesen discussed the research challenges on elder abuse. Their study listed the difficulties and deficiencies encountered in elder abuse studies in Turkey. Fulya Turk in her study examined the peer mediation process from the peer mediator perspective. She interviewed 23 peer mediators to answer what attitudes they had during peer mediation and what challenges they had while helping their friends in a dispute. The study by Serol Karalar aimed to reveal the effect of demographic characteristics of academicians on organizational deviance behavior. Necati Kayhan and Suleyman Ersin Unlu explored the causes and consequences of mobbing in the public health sector in Turkey. Gul Sendil, Hilal Karabulut, Duygu Akyuz, Aysegul Guner-Algan and Mutlugul Yahyaoglu in their study talked about how they adapted the Prenatal Maternal Expectations Scale (PMES) into Turkish. The study by Goklem Tekdemir Yurtdas and Elif Sakin investigated the relationship between gender and argumentation practices. The paper by Bakhtiyar Aliyev and Abdullah Turkmen explored the relationship between self-esteem and body satisfaction of teenage girls in Turkey.

Finally I would like to thank the authors in this book for their great effort. Also I would like to express my gratitude to Hasan Arslan for his patience and understanding during the publication process.

Mehmet Ali Icbay

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Nihat Karaer & Gülşen Altintaş

A Study on the History Texts in Social Sciences Textbooks (Fourth Grade) in Terms of Genre and Theme

1. Introduction

In the new curriculum, Social Sciences is defined as “a primary school curriculum organized based on the understanding of collective teaching, which reflects the subjects of citizenship and such social sciences as history, geography, economics, sociology, anthropology, psychology, philosophy, politics and law in order to help individuals actualize their social existence, includes the compilation of different learning fields under a unit or theme, and covers an assessment of the interaction of individuals with their social and physical environments within the contexts of past, present and future” (MEB, 2006). While teaching the subjects of history as a part of the Social Sciences curriculum, the aim is to develop the students’ skills of historical understanding and thinking rather than just transferring knowledge and ensuring it is memorised by them(Yılmaz and Şeker, 2011).

Textbooks are one of the easiest and the most affordable means used by teachers during classes. A well organised textbook can easily reflect all the elements of the curriculum to the teacher. Textbooks are generally written pursuant to the country’s teaching program, which are organised in a way to ensure that students can learn by themselves, and include course subjects correctly and in a certain order (Çakır, 1997). A highquality textbook should also include cultural factors and values related to the social structure (Gürkan and Gökçe, 2000).

The development of the information covered by the term culture is delivered by history. Culture exists thanks to the fact that it is passed to the next generations. Continuity and survival of culture are only possible with works, education and teaching that cover culture. Therefore, cultural works are an absolute must for educational culture (Özbay, 2002). In this respect, another important role of a textbook within education is to have a context that holidays, local liberation and celebration days, important events as well as certain days and weeks should be taken advantage of in order to develop students’ sensitivity to history (Social Sciences Curriculum for 4th Grade, 2009).

Types of literary works categorised according to their form, technical features, and subjects are called genre. Literary genres are not text forms that never change. ← 13 | 14 → Persuasion, understanding, literary stories and narrations can be researched tangibly as readers’ understanding, interest and learning characteristics related to text genres (Sadoski et al., 2000).

Genres can be classified as fictional and informative literary genres. Fictional literary genres are various types of stories, fairy tales, autobiographies, biographies, legends, epics, mythologies, fables, novels, poems, songs, anecdotes, memoirs, travel writings, diaries, various types of plays (drama, comedy, Turkish folk plays like Karagöz shadow plays, etc.), and essays. Informative literary genres, on the other hand, are texts included in the textbooks of such courses as Life Sciences, Social Sciences and Science. As well as articles, critical reviews, news, letters, columns, and interviews included in newspapers and journals.

There is a big difference between history texts and literary texts based on history. In history texts, true stories are narrated within an objective frame. A text with an historical subject, on the other hand, does not aim to tell a truth to readers; rather, it aims to provide readers with literary pleasure, and give them an aesthetic feeling. For example such genres as novels, stories or plays are art pieces rather than history. History texts have formed such various genres as political history, history of civilization, and cultural history.

2. Objective of the Study

This study aims to detect to what extent, in terms of genre and theme, history texts are included within the Social Sciences textbook for fourth graders that is published by Başak Yayınevi, prepared by the General Directorate of Primary Education, Ministry of National Education, accepted as a textbook with the decision number 292 of the Education Board dated on December. 2009, and printed for the third upon the letter numbered 3398 of General Directorate of Support Services dated March 19, 2012. As well as the Social Sciences Textbook for fourth graders published by Evrensel İletişim Yayınları and accepted as a textbook with the decision number 1969367 of the Education Board dated on January 8, 2013. Answers to the following questions will be sought in order to realise this objective.

3. Method of Study

The study uses a descriptive research approach which uses screening model. “Screening model is a research approach aiming to describe a past or present situation as it is” (Karasar, 2009). The fourth grade Social Sciences textbooks published by Başak Yayınevi and Evrensel Yayınevi were analysed using with the method of content analysis based on the texts they include related to history, as well as the genres and themes of such texts. The main purpose of the content analysis is to reach the concepts and relations that can explain the collected data. Content analysis is a scientific approach which enables objective and systematic examination of materials in verbal form, written form and various other forms (Sert, Kurtoğlu, Akıncı and Seferoğlu, 2012).

The material of the study consists of the Social Sciences textbooks published by Başak Yayınevi and Evrensel Yayınevi, which have been accepted as fourth grade course books for five years starding in 2009 by the Education Board of the MEB. Since the books of the mentioned publishers are among the available ones, they have been analszed. A total of 80 history texts included in the books have been studied.

Genres and themes of the texts have been determined in line with the information included in the teacher’s books prepared for the same books. The data collected through the study have been put in order using frequency calculations.

4. Results and Commentary


ISBN (Hardcover)
Publication date
2016 (September)
textbooks newspaper academician psychology self-efficacy
Frankfurt am Main, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Warszawa, Wien, 2016. 253 pp., 5 b/w graphs, 70 b/w tables

Biographical notes

Mehmet Ali İçbay (Volume editor) Hasan Arslan (Volume editor) Frederic Jacobs (Volume editor)

Mehmet Ali İçbay is Professor of Education at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey. His current research focuses on the ethnomethodological account of teaching and learning in the classroom. Hasan Arslan is Professor of Education at the Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey. His research interests include educational administration, student leadership, multicultural education, and higher education policy. Frederic Jacobs is Professor of Education at the American University in Washington, D.C. His research and teaching interests include the role, function, and impact of higher education, theory and practice in adult learning, public policy and education, as well as quantitative research.


Title: Research on Social Studies
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