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Renaissance Craftsmen and Humanistic Scholars

Circulation of Knowledge between Portugal and Germany

by Thomas Horst (Volume editor) Marília dos Santos Lopes (Volume editor) Henrique Leitão (Volume editor)
Edited Collection 246 Pages
Series: passagem, Volume 10

Summary

The study of the relations between Portugal and the German-speaking countries in the 15th and 16th centuries is an intriguing topic that has attracted the interest of scholars for some decades. In recent years evidence accumulated has shown that there was still much to be known and even some large areas were still unexplored. In order to better grasp the nature of what was a complex historical phenomenon, an interdisciplinary approach to the topic turned out to be necessary by deepening the understanding of what is usually termed the circulation of knowledge. The present book shows how knowledge travels with people, with artifacts, along commercial lines, and is created and transformed by the intervention of individuals from various educational and social strata.

Table Of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • About the authors
  • About the book
  • This eBook can be cited
  • Table of Content
  • Foreword: Renaissance Craftsmen and Humanistic Scholars (Thomas Horst / Marília dos Santos Lopes / Henrique Leitão)
  • The Relationship between Portugal and the Holy Roman Empire at the Beginning of the Early Modern Period: a Brief Introduction (Thomas Horst)
  • Bibliography
  • Friedrich III. und Alfons V., Enea Silvio Piccolomini und João Fernandes da Silveira. Briefliche Kommunikation zwischen Portugal und dem Reich in den 1450er-Jahren (Achim Thomas Hack)
  • 1. Typologie der Kontakte zwischen dem Reich und Portugal
  • a. Persönliche Kontakte
  • b. Kontakte durch Gesandtschaften
  • c. Kontakte durch Briefverkehr
  • 2. Der Wiener Kodex 3389
  • 3. Zwei königliche Gesandte begegnen sich
  • a. Die beiden Protagonisten
  • b. Die erste Begegnung in Neapel
  • c. Erneutes Zusammentreffen in Italien
  • 4. Briefverkehr zwischen Portugal und dem Reich im Jahre 1453
  • 5. Briefe Eleonores?
  • 6. Resümee
  • Bibliographie
  • Quellen
  • Literatur
  • Kaiser Maximilian I. und die Rezeption der portugiesischen Entdeckungen im Nürnberger Kaufmanns- und Gelehrtenkreis am Ende des 15. Jahrhunderts (Jürgen Pohle)
  • Bibliographie
  • Importing Knowledge: Portugal and the Scientific Culture in Fifteenth and Sixteenth Century’s Germany (Marília dos Santos Lopes)
  • 1. Collecting and editing
  • 2. Translating and compiling
  • 3. Classifying and mediating
  • Bibliography
  • Hermann Kellenbenz and the German-Portuguese Economic Relationships during the Sixteenth Century (Torsten dos Santos Arnold)
  • I. Hermann Kellenbenz (1913–1990), the historian
  • II. The German-Portuguese Economic Relations
  • III. Conclusions
  • Bibliography
  • «De insulis et peregrinatione lusitanorum» – Valentim Fernandes als Vermittler von Informationen zwischen Portugal und Oberdeutschland zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts (Yvonne Hendrich)
  • Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis
  • Leonhard Thurneysser zum Thurn (1531–1596) und sein Nachlass in der Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin (Gabriele Kaiser)
  • 1. Thurneysser – ein Basler Goldschmiedssohn zieht in die Welt
  • 2. Thurneysser in der Mark Brandenburg und in Berlin
  • 3. Thurneysser und seine Handschriften
  • a) Briefe an Thurneysser
  • b) Manuskripte von Thurneysser
  • 4. Thurneysser und seine Bücher
  • 5. Thurneyssers letzte Jahre und Perspektiven für die weitere Erschließung seines Nachlasses
  • Literatur- und Quellenliste
  • A Rediscovered Manuscript about Portuguese Plants and Animals: Preliminary Observations (Thomas Horst)
  • 1. Research history of the manuscript
  • 2. Description of the Miscellany Ms. Germ. Fol. 97
  • 3. The Iberian Flora and Fauna described in the manuscript
  • 4. Perspective and Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Basel – Fluchtpunkt der Humanisten und Alchemisten (Yves Schumacher)
  • Basel: Hauptstadt der Alchemie
  • Die Basler Herrschaftsverhältnisse
  • Kleinbürger und Kleingeister
  • Ein turbulenter Scheidungsprozess
  • Literatur
  • Anthonio Meyting: Artistic Agent, Cultural Intermediary and Diplomat (1538–1591) (Annemarie Jordan Gschwend)
  • Royal Consumption in Renaissance Portugal, Spain and Central Europe: a brief introduction
  • Anthonio Meyting’s Career in Spain
  • In the Service of Albrecht V’s Kunstkammer
  • Meyting’s Diplomatic Mission to Portugal: 1573
  • Manuscript Sources
  • Bibliography
  • Lost Between Centuries: a Celestial Globe (1575) from Augsburg in the Portuguese Royal Collections (Samuel Gessner)
  • From Augburg to the Iberian Peninsula: patronage and middlemen
  • Obsolescence and Oblivion: the shifting status of celestial globes within collections
  • Rediscovery on the attic of a palace: the era of ‘historical value’
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • “The Right Foundation of Seafaring”. German-Portuguese Connections in the Sixteenth Century with Regard to Nautical Science (Wolfgang Köberer)
  • Traces of the influence of German science on nautical science in Portugal in the Age of the Discoveries?
  • Responses to Nunes’ contributions to nautical science in Northern Europe
  • Traces of Portuguese nautical science in the German territories in the sixteenth century
  • The Wolfenbüttel manuscript (Cod. Guelf. 131.4 Quodl. 2°)
  • The Instrument unde Declinatie der Sünnen
  • Literature
  • Notes on Contributors

Thomas Horst / Marília dos Santos Lopes / Henrique Leitão (eds.)

Renaissance Craftsmen and Humanistic Scholars

Circulation of Knowledge between Portugal and Germany

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About the authors

Thomas Horst studied History and Anthropology at the Universities of Munich and Vienna. He holds a postdoc fellowship on Maps, Globes and Texts: Cosmographical knowledge in early Modern Europe at the Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT), University of Lisbon.

Marília dos Santos Lopes teaches History and Culture Studies at the School of Human Sciences, Universidade Católica Portuguesa. She is member of the Research Centre for Communication and Culture (CECC), Portugal, and Senior Fellow at the Herzog August Library in Wolfenbüttel, Germany. Her research focuses on intercultural processes, on visual culture, and on the history of knowledge exchange in early modern Europe.

Henrique Leitão is Senior Researcher at the Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT) and Professor at the Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon. His research focuses on the history of sciences, the history of cartography as well as the history of scientific books and libraries.

About the book

The study of the relations between Portugal and the German-speaking countries in the 15th and 16th centuries is an intriguing topic that has attracted the interest of scholars for some decades. In recent years evidence accumulated has shown that there was still much to be known and even some large areas were still unexplored. In order to better grasp the nature of what was a complex historical phenomenon, an interdisciplinary approach to the topic turned out to be necessary by deepening the understanding of what is usually termed the circulation of knowledge. The present book shows how knowledge travels with people, with artifacts, along commercial lines, and is created and transformed by the intervention of individuals from various educational and social strata.

This eBook can be cited

This edition of the eBook can be cited. To enable this we have marked the start and end of a page. In cases where a word straddles a page break, the marker is placed inside the word at exactly the same position as in the physical book. This means that occasionally a word might be bifurcated by this marker.

Table of Contents

Thomas Horst, Marília dos Santos Lopes and Henrique Leitão

Foreword: Renaissance Craftsmen and Humanistic Scholars

Thomas Horst

The Relationship between Portugal and the Holy Roman Empire at the Beginning of the Early Modern Period: a Brief Introduction

Achim Thomas Hack

Friedrich III. und Alfons V., Enea Silvio Piccolomini und João Fernandes da Silveira. Briefliche Kommunikation zwischen Portugal und dem Reich in den 1450er-Jahren

Jürgen Pohle

Kaiser Maximilian I. und die Rezeption der portugiesischen Entdeckungen im Nürnberger Kaufmanns- und Gelehrtenkreis am Ende des 15. Jahrhunderts

Marília dos Santos Lopes

Importing Knowledge: Portugal and the Scientific Culture in Fifteenth and Sixteenth Century’s Germany

Torsten dos Santos Arnold

Hermann Kellenbenz and the German-Portuguese Economic Relationships during the Sixteenth Century

Yvonne Hendrich

«De insulis et peregrinatione lusitanorum» – Valentim Fernandes als Vermittler von Informationen zwischen Portugal und Oberdeutschland zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts

Gabriele Kaiser

Leonhard Thurneysser zum Thurn (1531–1596) und sein Nachlass in der Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin

Thomas Horst

A Rediscovered Manuscript about Portuguese Plants and Animals: Preliminary Observations←5 | 6→

Yves Schumacher

Basel – Fluchtpunkt der Humanisten und Alchemisten

Annemarie Jordan Gschwend

Anthonio Meyting: Artistic Agent, Cultural Intermediary and Diplomat (1538–1591)

Samuel Gessner

Lost Between Centuries: a Celestial Globe (1575) from Augsburg in the Portuguese Royal Collections

Wolfgang Köberer

“The Right Foundation of Seafaring”. German-Portuguese Connections in the Sixteenth Century with Regard to Nautical Science

Notes on Contributors

←6 | 7→

Thomas Horst, Marília dos Santos Lopes and Henrique Leitão

Foreword: Renaissance Craftsmen and Humanistic Scholars

The study of the relations between Portugal and the German-speaking lands in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries is a very rich topic that has attracted the interest of scholars for some decades. The maritime expansion of Portugal and Spain created novel conditions that made Iberia the focal point to which converged people from all around Europe. The exciting novelties about the “new worlds” that had been found and the immediate recognition of the enormous potential that now opened to Europeans transformed Lisbon and Seville into cosmopolitan centres bubbling with activity. As is well known, merchants, diplomats, adventurers, naturalists, scholars and craftsmen of all sorts and from many different regions in the German-speaking states travelled to Portugal. Some of them were visitors, but many others settled in Lisbon for long periods and some even permanently. The obvious commercial interest that the very lucrative sea enterprises provided was surely the main stimulus for these events, but it would be simplistic to reduce such complex phenomena to the mere pursuit of profit.

Although studies about the relations between the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation and the Portuguese kingdom in the period of the maritime discoveries have been many, they have traditionally been pursued along well-established disciplinary boundaries. Thus, economic historians have studied in particular the commercial ventures of the banking and German business companies that operated in Portugal and the other way around; diplomatic and political historians analysed the relations between the Portuguese monarchy and the rulers of German states; and a plethora of others specialists looked into specific areas as diverse as crafts, arts, philosophy and literature.

The collection of different articles in this volume follows this tradition of scholarship. In a sense, therefore, these studies build upon the work of others and follow trails that previous scholars had opened before. But three reasons suggested returning to the topic and organizing an interdisciplinary workshop, which took place in the National Library of Portugal on 20th/21th November 2014, and from where these works and this volume stem.

Firstly, the better understanding of the nature of the networks of communication between Portugal and Germany in the early modern period has shown←7 | 8→ that they were more rich and complex than previously suspected. In recent years evidence accumulated showing that there was still much to be known and even some large areas were still unexplored. The reader will therefore find in this collection of essays some topics that were very poorly known or that had never been studied before in detail.

Secondly, it was the explicit intention of the organizers of this volume, in order to better capture the nature of what was a complex historical phenomenon, to avoid the excessive constraints that a strictly disciplinary approach entails. It was desired that, as far as possible, the various contributions not only invoked the variety of actors (and their artifacts) present, but also the fact that many of these actors played multiple roles.

Thirdly, the organizers were mostly interested (but not exclusively) in deepening the understanding of what is today usually termed the circulation of knowledge. This, of course, does not mean adopting solely the point of view of intellectual history as it is quite clear today that knowledge travels with people, with artifacts, along commercial lines, and is created and transformed by the intervention of people from all educational and social strata. Hence the general title of the international conference and this book, that simultaneously refers to Renaissance craftsmen and to Humanistic scholars under the broad issue of knowledge circulation.

The studies in this volume bring together texts by some of the most reputed scholars in the field, together with contributions by younger ones and even researchers not affiliated with the academic world. In all cases, however, we were happy and honored to have original contributions by experts in each topic. The collection of diversified essays in this volume does not have the intention to be exhaustive nor to cover the whole field. It is, however, the hope of the editors that this book is not only a supplement to previous scholarship. It rather tries to show the vitality of this interdisciplinary field and the riches that still await researchers interested and willing to probe the history of the close relations between Portugal and Germany in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

Biographical notes

Thomas Horst (Volume editor) Marília dos Santos Lopes (Volume editor) Henrique Leitão (Volume editor)

Thomas Horst studied History and Anthropology at the Universities of Munich and Vienna. He holds a postdoc fellowship on Maps, Globes and Texts: Cosmographical knowledge in early Modern Europe at the Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT), University of Lisbon. Marília dos Santos Lopes teaches History and Culture Studies at the School of Human Sciences, Universidade Católica Portuguesa. She is member of the Research Centre for Communication and Culture (CECC), Portugal, and Senior Fellow at the Herzog August Library in Wolfenbüttel, Germany. Her research focuses on intercultural processes, on visual culture, and on the history of knowledge exchange in early modern Europe. Henrique Leitão is Senior Researcher at the Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT) and Professor at the Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon. His research focuses on the history of sciences, the history of cartography as well as the history of scientific books and libraries.

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Title: Renaissance Craftsmen and Humanistic Scholars