Whatever Happened to Inclusion?

The Place of Students with Intellectual Disabilities in Education

by Philip Smith (Volume editor)
©2010 Textbook X, 254 Pages


Law, policy, and practice in the United States has long held that students with disabilities – including those with intellectual disabilities – have the right to a free and appropriate public education, in a non-restrictive environment. Yet very few of these students are fully included in general education classrooms. Educational systems use loopholes to segregate students; universities regularly fail to train teachers to include students; and state regulators fail to provide the necessary leadership and funding to implement policies of inclusion. Whatever Happened to Inclusion? reports on the inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities from national and state perspectives, outlining the abject failure of schools to provide basic educational rights to students with significant disabilities in America. The book then describes the changes that must be made in teacher preparation programs, policy, funding, and local schools to make the inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities a reality.


X, 254
ISBN (Hardcover)
ISBN (Softcover)
inclusion intellectual disabilities disability studies education schools
New York, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, Oxford, Wien, 2010. X, 254 pp.

Biographical notes

Philip Smith (Volume editor)

The Editor: Phil Smith teaches special education at Eastern Michigan University, with an emphasis on inclusive education, families with members with disabilities, disability studies, and overrepresentation. His research interests include the representation of research; ways in which people with disabilities experience choice, control, and power in their lives; normal theory; disability and education policy; and cultural understandings of disability. Smith has been published widely in a variety of journals and books, presented locally and around the country, and does training and presentations on person-centered planning, circles of support, disability rights, and a host of other areas. He has worked as an inclusion specialist in schools, a service coordinator, and an independent support broker.


Title: Whatever Happened to Inclusion?