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From Potentials to Reality: Transforming Africa's Food Production

Investment and policy priorities for sufficient, nutritious and sustainable food supplies

by Joachim von Braun (Volume editor) Assefa Admassie (Volume editor) Sheryl Hendriks (Volume editor) Getaw Tadesse (Volume editor) Heike Baumüller (Volume editor)
Edited Collection 334 Pages

Summary

This book identifies ways in which Africa can realize its potential to secure a supply of food for affordable and healthy diets through the sustainable use of its own resources. The focus is on investment, cooperation, and policy action. The agenda proposed here is intended to be a long-term one, but one that should be initiated in the short term with concrete actions.

Table Of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • About the author
  • About the book
  • This eBook can be cited
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • List of Tables, Figures and Boxes
  • Acronyms
  • Summary and proposed investment and policy actions – Heike Baumüller, Assefa Admassie, Sheryl Hendriks, Getaw Tadesse and Joachim von Braun
  • Part 1: Setting the scene
  • 1.1 Introduction – Heike Baumüller, Assefa Admassie, Sheryl Hendriks, Getaw Tadesse and Joachim von Braun
  • 1.2 Current and projected supply, demand and food security situation in Africa – Nicolas Gerber, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn
  • Part 2: Sustainable expansion and intensification of crop production
  • 2.1 Production inputs – Ousmane Badiane and Julia Collins, AKADEMIYA2063
  • 2.2 Mechanization along the value chain – Thomas Daum, University of Hohenheim, and Oliver Kirui, ZEF
  • 2.3 Irrigation – Alisher Mirzabaev, ZEF
  • 2.4 Reducing food loss – Izidora Božić, ZEF
  • 2.5 Land use change, sustainable land management and climate resilience – Alisher Mirzabaev, ZEF
  • Part 3: Sustainable expansion and intensification of animal husbandry, fisheries and (agro)-forestry
  • 3.1 Animal husbandry – Katrin Glatzel, AKADEMIYA2063, and Meera Shah, Imperial College of London
  • 3.2 Ocean and inland fisheries – Papa Gora Ndiaye, Réseau sur les Politiques de pêche en Afrique de l'Ouest
  • 3.3 Aquaculture – John K. Walakira, National Agricultural Research Organisation (Uganda) and World Aquaculture Society-Africa Chapter
  • 3.4 (Agro-)Forestry – Tsegaye Gatiso, Eike Luedeling and Jan Börner, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bonn
  • Part 4: Systemic investments for sustainability
  • 4.1 Skill development and agricultural extension – Oliver Kirui, ZEF
  • 4.2 Youth engagement – Zaneta Kubik, ZEF
  • 4.3 Digitalization – Heike Baumüller, ZEF
  • 4.4 Research investments in partnership – Assefa Admassie, University of Addis Ababa and ZEF, and Oliver Kirui, ZEF
  • 4.5 Rural and agricultural finance – Bezawit Beyene Chichaibelu, ZEF
  • 4.6 Energy – Alisher Mirzabaev, ZEF
  • 4.7 Inclusive markets and value chains – Getaw Tadesse, AKADEMIYA2063 and Tekalign Sakketa, formerly ZEF, now German Development Institute (GDI)
  • Part 5: Investments in governance
  • 5.1 Agricultural and food security policies – Tekalign Sakketa, formerly ZEF, now GDI
  • 5.2 Farmers’ organisations – Oliver Kirui, ZEF
  • 5.3 Land and water rights – Tekalign Sakketa, formerly ZEF, now GDI
  • 5.4 Gender equality – Evelyn Baraké, formerly ZEF, now International Development Research Centre
  • Part 6: Development assistance, investment and international cooperation
  • 6.1 Development assistance for agriculture – Bezawit Beyene Chichaibelu, ZEF
  • 6.2 Domestic and foreign private sector investment in the food and agriculture sector – Zaneta Kubik, ZEF
  • 6.3 Regional and international trade – Lukas Kornher, ZEF
  • 6.4 Policy processes and initiatives in Africa and at the international level – Assefa Admassie, University of Addis Ababa and ZEF
  • References
  • Series index

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Contributors

Assefa Admassie, University of Addis Ababa and Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Ethiopia

Ousmane Badiane, AKADEMIYA2063 and Malabo Montpellier Panel, Rwanda

Evelyn Baraké, formerly Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, now International Development Research Centre, Canada

Heike Baumüller, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany

Jan Börner, Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn, Germany

Izidora Božić, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany

Joachim von Braun, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn and Malabo Montpellier Panel, Germany

Bezawit Beyene Chichaibelu, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany

Julia Collins, AKADEMIYA2063, Rwanda

Thomas Daum, Ruthenberg Institute of Agricultural Science in the Tropics, University of Hohenheim, Germany

Tsegaye Gatiso, Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn, Germany

Nicolas Gerber, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany

Tigabu Getahun, Policy Studies Institute and Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Ethiopia←11 | 12→

Katrin Glatzel, AKADEMIYA2063 and Malabo Montpellier Panel Secretariat, Senegal

Sheryl Hendriks, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, University of Pretoria and Malabo Montpellier Panel, South Africa

Oliver Kirui, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany

Lukas Kornher, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany

Zaneta Kubik, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany

Eike Luedeling, Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation (INRES), University of Bonn, Germany

Alisher Mirzabaev, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany

Papa Gora Ndiaye, Réseau sur les Politiques de pêche en Afrique de l’Ouest, Senegal

Tekalign Sakketa, formerly Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, now German Development Institute, Germany

Meera Shah, Imperial College London and Malabo Montpellier Panel Secretariat, UK

Getaw Tadesse, AKADEMIYA2063, Ethiopia

John K. Walakira, Uganda National Fisheries Resources Research Institute and World Aquaculture Society-Africa Chapter, Uganda

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Tables, Figures and Boxes

Figure 1.1.1:Agricultural value added index in world regions

Figure 1.1.2:Food systems approach and focus of this study

Figure 1.2.1:Prevalence of undernourishment (PoU) in Africa, 2005–2019

Figure 1.2.2:Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in Africa, 2014–2019

Figure 2.2.1:Entry points for mechanization along agricultural value chains

Figure 2.3.1:The extent of irrigated areas in Africa (2000), showing the amount of surface and groundwater used for irrigation (mm/year)

Figure 2.5.1:The extent of croplands in Africa in 2015 (in bright green)

Figure 2.5.2:The extent of pastures in Africa in 2015

Figure 2.5.3:Inter-annual changes of LULC types. 1990 is taken as the base year

Figure 2.5.4:The change of relative shares of land use and land cover types in Africa over time

Figure 2.5.5:Evolution of annual cropland expansion in Africa

Figure 2.5.6:The extent of land degradation and improvement in Africa

Figure 3.4.1:Share of annual household income of African households (n=12585)

Figure 3.4.2:Agroforestry systems of Africa

Figure 4.1.1:Professions along the agricultural value chain

Figure 4.2.1:Rural youth employment aspirations in selected countries

Figure 4.2.2:Time allocation by category of employment (share of Full Time Equivalents)

Figure 4.6.1:Total primary energy supply shares by source in Africa in 2017

Figure 4.6.2:Solar power potential across the world and in the Sahel region

Figure 6.1.1:Trend and ODA commitments by DAC member countries to agriculture in Africa, 1995–2018

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Figure 6.1.2:Sub-sectoral allocation agriculture ODA by DAC member countries in Africa, 1995–2018

Figure 6.1.3:Trend and ODA commitments to agriculture in Africa by non-DAC countries reporting to the OECD, 2009–2018

Figure 6.2.1:Estimated levels of investment in agriculture, fishery and forestry by private and public sector in Sub-Saharan Africa

Figure 6.2.2:Top ten countries in Saharan Africa in with the highest agricultural GFCF in 1995–2016

Figure 6.2.3:Agricultural capital stock per worker in Sub-Saharan Africa

Figure 6.2.4:Net agricultural capital stock in Sub-Saharan Africa

Figure 6.2.5:Location of investment projects (excluding fertilizer) and investments per country (2003–2017)

Figure 6.3.1:Net cost of Africa’s agricultural imports (imports-exports) (in million current US$)

Table 1.2.1:Number of undernourished people in Africa, 2005–2019

Table 1.2.2:Number of people experiencing moderate or severe food insecurity in Africa, measured with the FIES, 2014–2018

Table 2.1:Top 10 crops by area and production volumes (2018)

Table 3.3.1:Prediction of fish production, seed and feed requirement

Table 3.4.1:Adoption barriers of agroforestry systems

Table 4.1.1:Extension models practiced in different countries in Africa

Table 4.2.1:Youth (15–24 years) share of potential labour force (15+ years)

Table 4.7.1:Strategies and innovations that link farmers with markets and promote rural business in Africa

Table 4.7.2:Key constraints affecting midstream actors and possible intervention areas

Table 6.2.1:Agricultural capital stock per worker

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Heike Baumüller, Assefa Admassie, Sheryl Hendriks, Getaw Tadesse and Joachim von Braun

Summary and proposed investment and policy actions

The agriculture sector is at the heart of the economies of almost all African countries. Agriculture – defined to include crop production, animal husbandry, fisheries and forestry, and the manufacturing and processing related to these – has the capacity to stimulate growth through rising rural incomes, enhancing economic transformation in Africa, creation of jobs, increasing government revenue, and ensuring accelerated economic growth and development. Given the structure of the African economy, increasing agricultural producers’ income is a key strategy for poverty reduction and food and nutrition security. Yet agriculture itself needs transformation in order for it to play a transformative role in economic development.

Details

Pages
334
ISBN (PDF)
9783631854709
ISBN (ePUB)
9783631854716
ISBN (Hardcover)
9783631853283
Language
English
Publication date
2021 (September)
Tags
Agriculture rural development innovation food security sustainability
Published
Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Warszawa, Wien, 2021. 334 pp., 28 fig. col., 10 tables.

Biographical notes

Joachim von Braun (Volume editor) Assefa Admassie (Volume editor) Sheryl Hendriks (Volume editor) Getaw Tadesse (Volume editor) Heike Baumüller (Volume editor)

Heike Baumüller is a project coordinator and senior researcher at the Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany. Assefa Admassie is a professor at the University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and a senior fellow at the Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany. Sheryl Hendriks is a professor at the Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, University of Pretoria, South Africa, and member of the Malabo-Montpellier Panel. Getaw Tadesse is the director of Bilateral Programs at AKADEMIYA2063, Rwanda. Joachim von Braun is a professor for economic and technological change and director at the Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany, and Co-Chair of the Malabo-Montpellier Panel.

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Title: From Potentials to Reality: Transforming Africa's Food Production