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The Philosophy of Open Learning

Peer Learning and the Intellectual Commons


Edited By Markus Deimann and Michael A. Peters

In this book, internationally recognized scholars provide in-depth insight into the emerging field of open education. The Philosophy of Open Learning provides an overview of the current debates and introduces the reader to the overall discourse on open education. The broad range of topics, including MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) and OERs (Open Educational Resources) is aimed at demonstrating that open education has emerged as a new principle for organizing higher education. Based on this idea, the book covers various issues that are backed up by thorough philosophical reflections that provide orientation for the heated debates. Open education is discussed in its various imbrications to other open movements, such as open access, and its relevance for education over the last fifteen years.
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Chapter Three: Opening Up Education: Opportunities, Obstacles and Future Perspectives


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Opening Up Education: Opportunities, ObstaclesAND Future Perspectives



‘Opening up education’ is an idea that can be found throughout the history of pedagogy. It has been revitalized in the past decade especially in the context of open education (OE) and the open educational resources (OER) movement. Today, a variety of initiatives are aiming to open up education through the use of media technology, on various levels, using digital communications technologies and Creative Commons (CC) licenses as well as massive open online courses (MOOCs).

Understanding information, communication, knowledge and media has become increasingly important in academic discourses and in economic and political debates, not least in the context of UNESCO activities (cf. UNESCO, 2002) but also on a European level. For example, the European Union’s (2009) Commission Recommendation on media literacy in the digital environment (cf. European Union, 2009) aims to achieve a more competitive audiovisual and content industry and an inclusive knowledge society, and a number of projects are being undertaken in “Open Education Europa—The Gateway to European Innovative Learning.” Consequently, the Digital Agenda as part of the Europe 2020 strategy has followed. This strategy aims at promoting innovation, economic growth and progress by exploring the potential of information and communication technologies (ICTs).

In media theory and in the discourses of pedagogy, educational policy and educational sciences, attention has been paid to the approaches taken to media...

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