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Handbook for Student Law for Higher Education Administrators, Third Edition

Series:

James Ottavio Castagnera

The Handbook for Student Law for Higher Education Administrators, Third Edition is a practical tool, intended for administrators dealing with students in higher education, focusing principally on four-year institutions. Addressing the ever-evolving relationship between higher education and the law, the book will provide the academic administrator with the means to knowledgably and confidently navigate the many legal threats and challenges facing colleges today. Focused on the "hot" issues in higher education today, and using examples from real cases and scenarios from many institutions, the handbook provides sample policies, checklists, and advice that administrators can apply to a wide variety of situations, both preventatively and proactively. The Handbook for Student Law for Higher Education Administrators, Third Edition is a compendium of practical knowledge and guidance, useful to all administrators dealing with the legal minefield that is higher education.

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Chapter 10: International Students

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· 10 ·

INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS

Since the middle of the last century, students from around the globe have flocked to the United States, more than to any other nation, for their higher education. As with tourists and temporary workers, U.S. immigration policy prior to Nine-Eleven was casual when it came to international students. Visa authorizations were issued on multi-copy forms, which foreigners took to U.S. embassies and consulates, where visas were issued with little or no fanfare. Armed with student visas, tens of thousands of aliens entered the U.S. annually, many to disappear into the general population. Their “host” colleges and universities had no obligation to report their failure to arrive as expected on campus.

As with so much else, the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, changed all that. Some of those who hijacked and drove airliners into the World Trade Center and the Pentagon held students visas. Some had actually studied at U.S. flight schools on those visas. In the aftermath of this worst attack on U.S. soil, the Immigration and Naturalization service was split into a visa-processing service, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) and an enforcement branch, the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agency. A new computer-based program is now the only way in which institutions of higher education can issue authorizations for student-visa applications. ← 273 | 274 →

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