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A Guide to LGBTQ+ Inclusion on Campus, Post-PULSE

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Edited By Virginia Stead

The research in A Guide to LGBTQ+ Inclusion on Campus, Post-PULSE is premised on the notion that, because we cannot choose our sexual, racial, ethnic, cultural, political, geographic, economic, and chronological origins, with greater advantage comes greater responsibility to redistribute life’s resources in favor of those whose human rights are compromised and who lack the fundamental necessities of life. Among these basic rights are access to higher education and to positive campus experiences. Queer folk and LGBTQ+ allies have collaborated on this new text in response to the June 16, 2016 targeted murder of 49 innocent victims at the PULSE nightclub, Orlando, Florida. Seasoned and novice members of the academy will find professional empowerment from these authors as they explicitly discuss multiple level theory, policy, and strategies to support LGBTQ+ campus inclusion. Their work illuminates how good, bad, and indeterminate public legislation impacts LGBTQ+ communities everywhere, and it animates multiple layers of campus life, ranging from lessons within a three-year-old day care center to policy-making among senior administration. May the power of well-chosen words continue to deepen our understanding, clarify our communication, and empower us all as pro-LGBTQ+ campus activists.

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Chapter Four: When Secondary Schools Fail: LGBT Issues in the Juvenile Justice System (Shiv R. Desai)

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CHAPTER FOUR

When Secondary Schools Fail

LGBT Issues in the Juvenile Justice System

SHIV R. DESAI



INTRODUCTION

While the overrepresentation of black and Latinx youth in our Juvenile Justice System (JJS) has been well-documented (Alexander, 2011; Stevenson, 2014), it is important to note that Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, & Transgender (LGBT) youth are also significantly overrepresented. In fact, nearly 300,000 LGBT youth are arrested and/or detained each year. The intersectionality of race and sexuality become even more apparent when 60% of these arrests are of black and/or Latinx youth. Simply put, in a nation where LGBT youth constitute a mere 7% of the overall youth population, they comprise 15% of those currently incarcerated (Hunt & Moodie-Mills, 2012; Irvine, 2010; Majd, Marksamer, & Reyes, 2009; Weiss, 2015).

Furthermore, LGBT youth face harsher sentences, are frequently labeled as sex offenders due to their sexual orientation, and are more often adjudicated on minor nonviolent offenses (Maccio & Ferguson, 2016; Wilson, 2014). More importantly, once they are in detention and/or correctional facilities, LGBT youth do not have access to a safe environment as a result of verbal and physical harassment. Additionally, many LGBT youth experience segregation because of their sexual orientation. Therefore, the purpose of this chapter is to discuss the issues LGBT youth face within the JJS through a case study of one youth of color who identifies as being gay and is part of the...

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