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A Guide to LGBTQ+ Inclusion on Campus, Post-PULSE


Edited By Virginia Stead

The research in A Guide to LGBTQ+ Inclusion on Campus, Post-PULSE is premised on the notion that, because we cannot choose our sexual, racial, ethnic, cultural, political, geographic, economic, and chronological origins, with greater advantage comes greater responsibility to redistribute life’s resources in favor of those whose human rights are compromised and who lack the fundamental necessities of life. Among these basic rights are access to higher education and to positive campus experiences. Queer folk and LGBTQ+ allies have collaborated on this new text in response to the June 16, 2016 targeted murder of 49 innocent victims at the PULSE nightclub, Orlando, Florida. Seasoned and novice members of the academy will find professional empowerment from these authors as they explicitly discuss multiple level theory, policy, and strategies to support LGBTQ+ campus inclusion. Their work illuminates how good, bad, and indeterminate public legislation impacts LGBTQ+ communities everywhere, and it animates multiple layers of campus life, ranging from lessons within a three-year-old day care center to policy-making among senior administration. May the power of well-chosen words continue to deepen our understanding, clarify our communication, and empower us all as pro-LGBTQ+ campus activists.

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Chapter Eighteen: Stories of LGBTQ+ Hate, Fear, Hope, and Love in the University of Hawai’i System: Twenty Years of the Marriage Equality Movement (Rae Watanabe / Tara O’Neill / Camaron Miyamoto)


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Stories OF LGBTQ+ Hate, Fear, Hope, AND Love IN THE University OF Hawai’i System

Twenty Years of the Marriage Equality Movement



In 1993, the Hawai’i Supreme Court’s ruling in Baehr v. Lewin became the first to state that excluding same-sex couples from marriage is discrimination. This ruling launched the freedom to marry movement (Lambda Legal, 2016). Within the United States, the Baehr v. Lewin ruling served as a catalyst for the Congressional passage of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) in 1996 (Sant’Ambrogio & Law, 2010). In Hawai’i, the 1993 ruling resulted in ugly fights, which led to passage of the first state constitutional amendment targeting gay relationships (Lambda Legal, 2016). Deitrich (1994) ponders the overall lessons of Baehr v. Lewin; however, the lessons in Hawai’i are more specific. This chapter focuses on the impact the struggle for marriage equality has had on the social climate of the University of Hawai’i’s (UH) system with specific focus on two of the system’s ten campuses, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa (UHM) and Leeward Community College (LCC).

This chapter is divided into four sections. In an effort to set context for the evolving and devolving social climate in Hawai’i and subsequently on campuses within the UH system, section one provides background about the Baehr v. Lewin ruling and the resulting growth in public opposition to...

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