Problems, Politics, and Possibilities
Edited By Zsuzsanna Millei, Tom G. Griffiths and Robert John Parkes
Chapter VIII: Disciplinary Power and the Production of the Contemporary ‘Healthy Citizen’ in the Era of the ‘Obesity Epidemic’ - Ken Cliff 104
104 Re-theorizing Discipline in Education Chapter VIII Introduction In this chapter I examine the process of “making up” (Rose & Miller, 1992, p. 174) the healthy citizen during a time of widespread and sustained concern about the ‘obesity epidemic’. With obesity now claimed to be affecting almost all of the world’s population (World Health Organization, 2009a), and with dire predictions for health care capacity and costs, the healthy citizen and how it is constituted has taken on renewed importance as a problem for modern government. While the healthy citizen has been a notable part of sociological analyses of health, medicine and schooling for the last two decades (Burrows & Wright, 2007; Fullagar, 2001, 2003, 2009; Lupton, 1995; Petersen & Lupton, 1996), critical sociological work that speciﬁcally seeks to rethink the production of the healthy citizen in the discursive context of the obesity epidemic is only just beginning. Furthermore, the work, which does exist, suggests a range of subtle (and not so subtle) changes in health promotion, and health education policy and practice in response to this supposedly unprecedented public health crisis (for example, Gard & Kirk, 2007; Rich & Evans, 2009). In general terms the analysis in this chapter contributes to understanding the production of the ‘healthy citizen’ in the context of heightened concern around body weight, wanning morality and spiralling health care expenditure. More speciﬁcally it focuses on Foucault’s (1995) concept of disciplinary power and its role as a constitutive and productive force in the process of making up a certain type...
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