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Andrew of Bethsaida and the Johannine Circle

The Muratorian Tradition and the Gospel Text


James Patrick

This book is a reading of the text of the Gospel of John in light of a tradition of Johannine authorship represented by the Muratorian Fragment, Papias of Hierapolis, and the Anti-Marcionite Prologue, all which are taken to reflect the influence of a common tradition represented by Jerome, Clement of Alexandria, and Victorinus of Pettau. Taken together these suggest that the Gospel of John was the work of the late first- or early second-century John the Presbyter who mediated the tradition of a distinctive group of Johannine disciples among whom Andrew was most important.


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C H A P T E R N I N E: Coda: Andrew after Constantine


 C H A P T E R N I N E Coda: Andrew after Constantine Andrew was verily a brother of the glorious Apostle Peter, through the fate of birth, through the community of faith, through the dignity of belonging to the apostolic college, and through the glory of martyrdom, so that they whom Your Grace has united during the course of this life with so many bonds of piety are joined in the heavenly kingdom with a similar crown. Leonine Sacramentary, 5th century he middle decades of the second century are the years in which the Gnostic exegetical involvement with the Gospel of John represented by the writings of Valentinus, Ptolemaeus, and Heracleon were most intense and during which the apocryphal writings bearing Andrew’s name (as well as the names of other Johannine apostles, notably Philip and Thomas) were being written. Among these the Acts of Andrew, popularized in a recension by Gregory of Tours, offered a catalog of the miracle stories with which the Middle Ages were much taken. Gregory’s version holds a special place in vernacular Latin literature alongside a longer version marked by Gnostic tendencies. The Acts locate Andrew in Patras, where he was martyred, in Ephesus, Epirus, just north of Patras across the Gulf of Corinth, and in Byzantium, Philippi, and Thessalonica.1 This apocryphal geography, whatever factual elements it may or may not preserve, fixed Andrew in imagination as an apostle of the East, so it was to be expected that when, early in the...

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