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The German-Jewish Dialogue Reconsidered

A Symposium in Honor of George L. Mosse


Edited By Klaus L. Berghahn

Was there a German-Jewish dialogue? This seemingly innocent question was silenced by the Holocaust. Since then, it is out of the question to take comfortable refuge to a distant past when Mendelssohn and Lessing started this dialogue. Adorno/Horkheimer, Arendt, and above all Scholem have repeatedly pointed out, how the noble promises of the Enlightenment were perverted, which led to a complete failure of Jewish emancipation in Germany. It is against this backdrop of warning posts that we dare to return to an important chapter of Jewish culture in Germany. This project should not be seen, however, as an attempt to idealize the past or to harmonize the present, but as a plea for a new dialogue between Germans and Jews about their common past.


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Introduction 1 Tolerance and Emancipation Klaus L. Berghahn On Friendship: The Beginnings of a Christian-Jewish Dialogue in the 18th Century 5 David Sorkin The Internal Dialogue: Judaism and Enlightenment in Moses Mendelssohn's Thought Dagmar Barnouw Enlightenment, Identity, Transformation: Salomon Maimon and Rahel Varnhagen Bildung and Acculturation Liliane Weissberg Bodies in Pain: Reflections on the Berlin Jewish Salons Shulamit Volkov The Ambivalence of Bildung: Jews and Other Germans Egon Schwarz Germans and Jews in Viennese Culture German-Jewish Culture at the Beginning of the 20th Century Stephane Moses On the Correspondence between Franz Rosenzweig and Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy Vll 25 39 59 81 99 109 viii Contents Steven Aschheim German Jews Beyond Bildung and Liberalism: The Radical Jewish Revival in the Weimar Republic 125 Sterling Fishman The Assassination of Kurt Eisner: A Study of Identity in the German-Jewish Dialogue 141 Marcus Bullock The Restoration of Patience in the Labor of History 155 After the Destruction of Jewish Culture in Germany David Biale Gershom Scholem between German and Jewish Nationalism 177 Anson Rabinbach Negative Identities: Germans and Jews in the Correspondence of Karl Jaspers and Hannah Arendt 189 Sander Gilman Negative Symbiosis: The Re-emergence of Jewish Culture in Germany after the Fall of the Wall 207 Epilogue lost Hermand German Jews Beyond Judaism: The Gerhard/Israel/George L. Mosse Case 233 Notes 247

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