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Beyond Actions

Psychology of Action Research for Mindful Educational Improvement


Norijuki Inoue

Beyond Actions is a new breed of book on action research, going beyond procedural descriptions of action research and discusses psychological processes and epistemological challenges involved in planning and conducting action research. The book discusses in depth key concepts of action research and the ways in which these concepts actually contribute to the improvement of educational practice by assuming the viewpoint of educators. Dr. Inoue offers ample opportunities for readers to deeply reflect on personal, social, cultural, and philosophical foundations of practice improvement efforts and develop a comprehensive understanding of action research. Beyond Actions is targeted to educators, educational researchers, principals, and students taking graduate-level courses in action research, educational research methods, educational psychology, education foundations, educational leadership, and other related fields as well as anyone seeking a new methodology for mindful educational improvement.


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Chapter 5. Grasping Needs of Reality: Objectivity vs. Subjectivity


· 5 · grasping needs of reality Objectivity vs. Subjectivity Reality Check Now that you know multiple validity criteria that you could use in your action research, you are ready to conduct your own action research project. As a first step, you will be assessing the needs of your practice in relation to your ini- tial research question. In this chapter, we will discuss how to conduct a needs assessment to critically grasp the needs of your practice for your action research. As human beings, we all have a tendency to develop personal interpre- tations of events and phenomena we encounter. We often create a personal view about which baseball team is the best, what brands of mineral water are tasty, how much your home is worth, and so on. However, in reality, things could easily go against our expectations and assumptions. You must have experienced the betrayal of your subjective perception by reality such as see- ing your favorite baseball team miserably lose an important game. And in our everyday lives, we might bump our heads against a wall when leaning too far back and stumble when we do not expect a rock in front of our footsteps. These experiences help us realize that many things can exist and happen against our expectations. We might stumble on a rock because it does not exist in our subjective perception until it suddenly appears when we stub our toes. This means that intuitionism can be quite a dangerous path. 74 beyond actions This...

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