Social Equity in a Time of Change
Edited By Richard Greggory Johnson III
Chapter Four: Rise of Uyghur Ethnic Tensions in China
c h a p t e r f o u r i n t r o d u c t i o n The People’s Republic of China (PRC) resembles many nations in that it is a state formed from the imposition of artificial political boundaries over centuries of military conflict and governmental change. Counted among its ethnic minorities today are the people of Mongolia, Tibet, and East Turkestan. Yet each of those societies has been an independent state for centuries with a distinct culture deeply rooted in a different religion and language. Therein lies the tension behind much ethnic violence, and particularly so with regard to the Uyghur culture of East Turkestan, known as Xinjiang, currently under the control of the Chinese government. Even the spelling of the ethnic group’s name has caused controversy—is it Uighur or Uyghur? According to Radio Free Asia (‘Uyghur’ or ‘Uighur?’ 2010), Anyone researching the Turkic people living in China’s northwestern Xinjiang region, and scattered throughout Central Asia, must almost immediately make what seems to be a major editorial decision: Are they Uyghur or Uighur people? Do they inhabit the Xinjiang Uighur or Uyghur Autonomous Region? Uighur, with an “i,” has appeared for centuries in writings by western scholars, and many western media and experts on the region still prefer this spelling. Rise of Uyghur Ethnic Tensions in China jeanne powell 64 | jeanne powell Then Radio Free Asia goes on to say: “But members of this mostly Muslim ethnic group overwhelmingly prefer...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.