Social Equity in a Time of Change
Edited By Richard Greggory Johnson III
Chapter Five: Missing Women of China: The Persistence of Gender Inequity in China
i n t r o d u c t i o n The Nobel Peace Prize winning Amartya Sen (1990) identified the social phe- nomenon of “missing women” in reference to a deficit of women within countries where mortality rates for women were especially high due to a lack of access to nutrition and medical care. He estimated that more than 100 million women in Asia and Africa combined are “missing” and that China alone accounts for 50 million “missing women.” This chapter explores the missing women of China. Specifically, it identifies the causes, reviews the role of the Chinese government and its one-child policy, and delineates the unintended consequences of the policy and sex ratio imbalance. g lo b a l c o n t e x t We live in a global society. As such, the role of the international community and governments around the globe is to protect human rights and ensure justice. The United Nations’ (n.d.,a) Charter states that our goal is to “reaffirm faith in fun- damental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women.” Moreover, the United Nation’s (n.d.,c) Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) states, “recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the c h a p t e r f i v e Missing Women of China: The Persistence of Gender Inequity in China ting zhang...
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