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Exploring Globalization Opportunities and Challenges in Social Studies

Effective Instructional Approaches

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Lydiah Nganga, John Kambutu and William B. Russell III

This book on global issues, trends, and practices is intended to serve primarily as an instructional and learning resource in social studies methods courses for preservice teachers. In addition, it is an effective social studies and global education resource for college faculty, graduate students, inservice educators, and other professionals because it has divergent, practical, and relevant ideas. Teaching global education is challenging. It requires an understanding of globalization and how it affects policies, reforms, and education. Therefore, this book explores real global issues in the classroom and also offers different innovative instructional strategies that educators have employed while teaching social studies courses. The volume includes detailed reviews of literature and research findings which facilitate the design of quality pertinent units and lessons plans. Indeed, this book is a critical tool to help educators and students to gain a better understanding of globalization and global education.
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Chapter One: Globalization: History, Consequences and What to Do with It: John Kambutu

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John Kambutu

Globalization is an old phenomenon. However, the impact of contemporary globalization efforts is generally misunderstood due to positionality. While people in positions of benefit tend to have favorable perceptions, the disadvantaged are likely to question the value of globalization. Thus, to fully understand globalization, this chapter recommends a holistic analysis from a critical theoretical framework. In addition, a call is made for an education for social justice.

Globalization has had an impact on everyone in some way. Nevertheless, its history and consequences are somehow murky. Because globalization has different effects, people use various lenses and metaphors to understand it. For example, groups that benefit the most might use favorable metaphors such as the “global village, the Network of interdependence, the McWorld and the Spaceship earth.” But the disadvantaged might make meaning through critical schemas such as “military competition, and Neo-colonialism” (Sleeter, 2003, pp. 3–4). So, while positionality shapes understanding, it also socializes individuals into a particular kind of thinking, feeling and acting (Kambutu, Rios & Castañeda, 2009). Therefore, to understand the effects of globalization, a holistic and objective analysis is essential.

The origin of globalization is a contested issue. While some scholars see it as a new phenomenon, others think globalization is as old as humanity (Wiarda, 2007). In support of the evolutionary nature of globalization, Held, McGrew, Goldblatt and Perraton (1999) provided the following four phases of development: a) pre-modern, 900 to 1000; b) early modern, 1500 to 1850;...

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