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Exploring Globalization Opportunities and Challenges in Social Studies

Effective Instructional Approaches

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Lydiah Nganga, John Kambutu and William B. Russell III

This book on global issues, trends, and practices is intended to serve primarily as an instructional and learning resource in social studies methods courses for preservice teachers. In addition, it is an effective social studies and global education resource for college faculty, graduate students, inservice educators, and other professionals because it has divergent, practical, and relevant ideas. Teaching global education is challenging. It requires an understanding of globalization and how it affects policies, reforms, and education. Therefore, this book explores real global issues in the classroom and also offers different innovative instructional strategies that educators have employed while teaching social studies courses. The volume includes detailed reviews of literature and research findings which facilitate the design of quality pertinent units and lessons plans. Indeed, this book is a critical tool to help educators and students to gain a better understanding of globalization and global education.
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Chapter Three: (En)countering the Paradox: Challenging the Neoliberal Immigrant Identity: Paul G. Fitchett

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Paul G. Fitchett

Neoliberalism is an economic, political, and social doctrine emphasizing free-market values and placing private industry over public welfare. The immigrant community has emerged as a paradoxical topic for neoliberalism. Either valorized as nation-builders and sources of labor or minimized and castigated as a threat to Eurocentric traditions, the influx of immigrants across U.S. boundaries is a contentious side effect of this hyper-capitalist derivative of globalization. This chapter explores the dynamics of neoliberalism and its impact on the immigrant identity, and how social studies textbooks and curricula have propagated a neoliberal message toward immigration. I offer strategies for challenging the neoliberal immigrant identity in social studies classrooms.

According to Merryfield and Kasai (2004), globalization is the dynamic interconnectedness of culture, economies, and communities across nations. Under such pretense, globalization serves to ameliorate societal conflicts, foster interdependence, and recognize multiple ways of knowing (Spring, 2008). Yet, the looseness of defining globalization has also given way to another form, neoliberalism. Highly controversial and complex, neoliberalism surfaced as an economic theory placing emphasis on free-market ideology and a deregulation of the nation-state (Chomsky, 1999; Harvey, 2007). In its current iteration, neoliberalism is championed as an uninhibited capitalist approach toward international commerce and trade. On the ground, however, it has contributed to unstable geopolitical climates, the suppression of labor at the expense of capital, an assault on collective bargaining, and a dehumanizing of the workforce.

Under neoliberal doctrine, immigration patterns fluctuate as people search for more...

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