Effective Instructional Approaches
Edited By Lydiah Nganga, John Kambutu and William B. Russell III
Chapter Five: Preparing Teachers for Global Citizenship: Perspectives from One Caribbean Island: Karen Thomas-Brown
Historically the islands of the Caribbean are highly globalized, yet localized places, due in part to multiple phases of globalization. Today, a second wave of globalization has affected the political, economic and social structures of many of these islands through neoliberalist policies and post-colonialism, among a plethora of other theories, policies and approaches. Within this context, the education system in the Caribbean in general and in Jamaica in particular was founded on transformational pedagogies (Freire, 2000) and has historically adapted and readapted to societal needs as the political and economic fortunes of the islands wax and wane. This chapter examines the impacts of and response to a relatively new migration phenomenon in the Caribbean islands such as Jamaica: the acceleration of migrations of teachers in response to recruitment drives that have originated in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom starting in the mid-1990s. These recruitment drives have attracted the most qualified, highly skilled and experienced teachers and nurses in exchange for the possibility of improved economic prospects in developed countries. The chapter shows that the islands’ responses to this teacher emigration range from lack of awareness, improved local working conditions, changed national curricula, increased wages and salaries for teachers and facilitation of the emigration process (Degazon-Johnson, 2007, 2008; Ministry of Education of Jamaica, 2004). This chapter takes a multitheoretical approach to the notion of global education as it elucidates the issues of the impact of globalization on teacher training and the education system of...
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