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Exploring Globalization Opportunities and Challenges in Social Studies

Effective Instructional Approaches

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Lydiah Nganga, John Kambutu and William B. Russell III

This book on global issues, trends, and practices is intended to serve primarily as an instructional and learning resource in social studies methods courses for preservice teachers. In addition, it is an effective social studies and global education resource for college faculty, graduate students, inservice educators, and other professionals because it has divergent, practical, and relevant ideas. Teaching global education is challenging. It requires an understanding of globalization and how it affects policies, reforms, and education. Therefore, this book explores real global issues in the classroom and also offers different innovative instructional strategies that educators have employed while teaching social studies courses. The volume includes detailed reviews of literature and research findings which facilitate the design of quality pertinent units and lessons plans. Indeed, this book is a critical tool to help educators and students to gain a better understanding of globalization and global education.
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Chapter Six: Grounding Globalization: Theory, Communication, and Service-Learning: Ozum Ucok-Sayrak, Erik Garrett

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Ozum Ucok-Sayrak Erik Garrett

As Tomlinson (1999, p. 1) states in Globalization and Culture, “Both globalization and culture are concepts of the highest order of generality and notoriously contested in their meanings.” Along these lines, Pieterse (as cited in Parker 2005, p. 5) notes that “there are almost as many conceptualizations of globalization as there are disciplines in the social sciences.” Furthermore, “teachers and scholars in disciplines such as management, marketing, finance, accounting, and economics also use the term ‘globalization’ to mean different things” (Parker, 2005, p. 5).

There are different views regarding the history of globalization; some argue that it is a recent Western, and particularly American, project, “a process that has emanated from and been greatly shaped by Western or American hegemony” (Robertson & White, 2003, p. 9). As Robertson and White (2003, p. 9) explain further, some regard globalization to be a very long historical process. To illustrate, they state that the United States came into existence at the end of the eighteenth century and is itself a product of the globalization process along with other nation-states of the Americas.

Given the variety of viewpoints on globalization and its history, our first argument about exploring globalization is that scholars need to be cautious with reductionistic approaches in making sense of a multifaceted and complex process such as globalization. In our experience of teaching college-level intercultural communication courses, we explicitly make it a point to acknowledge the diversity of perspectives and the...

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