Creativity and the Promise of Openness
Chapter Six: Algorithmic Capitalism and Educational Futures
Michael A. Peters
Algorithmic Capitalism and Educational Futures
The word algorithm comes from the name of the 9th century Persian Muslim mathematician Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi. The word algorism originally referred only to the rules of performing arithmetic using Hindu-Arabic numerals but evolved via European Latin translation of Al-Khwarizmi’s name into algorithm by the 18th century. The use of the word evolved to include all definite procedures for solving problems or performing tasks.
—History of Algorithms and Algorithmics http://www.scriptol.com/programming/algorithm-history.php
Khwarizmi, Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Musa al- (d. ca. 850): Mathematician, astronomer, and geographer. Synthesized extant Hellenic, Sanskritic, and cuneiform traditions to develop algebra, a term derived from the title of one of his books (containing the term al-jabr, meaning “forcing” [numbers). Introduced Arabic numerals into the Latin West, based on a place-value decimal system developed from Indian sources. The word algorithm is derived from a Latin corruption of his name.
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