Creativity and the Promise of Openness
Chapter Eight: The Rise of Global Science and the Emerging Political Economy of International Research Collaborations
Michael A. Peters
The Rise of Global Science and the Emerging Political Economy of International Research Collaborations1
Truth…and utility are the very same things.
—Francis Bacon, New Organon, I, Aphorism 124
Increasingly, emphasis has fallen on the economics and productivity of science in both firms and higher education institutions, as policy-makers and politicians seek to foster innovation and to draw strong links between scientific performance and emerging economic structures (Crespi & Geuna, 2004, 2005). In these science policy discussions the accent often falls on measuring scientific productivity, on ‘intellectual property’ and the codification of knowledge, and on research collaboration, partnership and cooperation in regional, national and international contexts. Investment in science, engineering and technology has received strong attention from governments as the basis of the ‘knowledge economy’ and most governments now look to their international science policy strategy to emphasise national competitive advantage and to encourage research collaboration in global science projects.
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