Creativity and the Promise of Openness
Chapter Eleven: Open Education and the Open Science Economy
Michael A. Peters
Open Education and the Open Science Economy
Openness as a complex code word for a variety of digital trends and movements has emerged as an alternative mode of ‘social production’ based on the growing and overlapping complexities of open source, open access, open archiving, open publishing and open science.1 Openness in this sense refers to open source models of scientific communication, knowledge distribution and educational development although it has a number of deeper registers that refer more widely to government (‘open government’), society (‘open society’), economy (open economy’) and even psychology (openness as one of the five traits of personality theory). The concept and evolving set of practices has profound consequences for education at all levels. ‘Openness’ has become a leading source of innovation in the world global digital economy increasingly adopted by world governments, international agencies and multinationals as well as leading educational institutions as a means of promoting scientific inquiry and international collaboration. It is clear that the Free Software and ‘open source’ movements constitute a radical non-propertarian (i.e., social) alternative to traditional methods of text and symbolic production, distribution, archiving, access and dissemination. This alternative non-proprietary model of cultural production and exchange threatens traditional models of intellectual property and it challenges the major legal and institutional means such as copyright currently used to restrict creativity, innovation and the free exchange of ideas.
It is the argument of the chapter that the openness movement with its reinforcing structure of overlapping...
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