Creativity and the Promise of Openness
Chapter Twelve: Digital Technologies in the Age of YouTube: Electronic Textualities, the Virtual Revolution and the Democratization of Knowledge | with Peter Fitzsimons
Our current revolution is obviously more extensive than Gutenberg’s. It modifies not only the technology for reproduction of the text, but even the materiality of the object that communicates the text to the readers. Until now, the printed book has been heir to the manuscript in its organization of leaves and pages [...] and its aids to reading (concordances, indices, tables). The substitution of screen for codex is a far more radical transformation because it changes methods of organization, structure, consultation, even the appearance of the written word.
—Roger Chartier (1995, p. 15), Forms and meanings: Texts, performances, and audiences from codex to computer ← 257 | 258 →
New media are less points of epistemic rupture than they are socially embedded sites for the ongoing negotiation of meaning as such. Comparing and contrasting new media thus stand to offer a view of negotiability in itself—a view, that is, of the contested relations of force that determine the pathways by which new media may eventually become old hat.
—Lisa Gitelman (2006, p. 6), Always Already New: Media, History, and the Data of Culture
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