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Chapter Eight: Class Struggle and Education: Neoliberalism, (Neo)conservatism, and the Capitalist Assault on Public Education
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Class Struggle and Education: Neoliberalism, (Neo)conservatism, and the Capitalist Assault on Public Education
Neoliberalism and (Neo)conservatism
Neoliberalism—marked, inter alia, by the marketization, commodification, degradation, managerialization, and privatization/pre-privatisation of public services (Giroux, 2004; Harvey, 2005; Hill, 2013a, b; Hill and Kumar, 2009; Hill and Rosskam, 2009)—does not come unaccompanied. It usually has a twin—neoconservatism—albeit, a twin with which it has an often fractured relationship (Gamble, 1988). As Saad-Filho puts it,
In essence, neoliberalism is based on the systematic use of state power, under the ideological guise of ‘non-intervention’, to impose a hegemonic project of recomposition of the rule of capital at five levels: domestic resource allocation, international economic integration, the reproduction of the state, ideology, and the reproduction of the working class. (Saad-Filho, 2011)
The strength of the neoliberal alliance with (neo)conservatism, with conservative forces, is particularly strong in Turkey, where the Erdogan government is very nakedly pushing forward with Islamicization of society and the education system, and with brute use of the repressive apparatuses of the state—as seen in the summer 2013 national police brutality against the Gezi Park resistance movement. Thus, in Turkey, neoliberalism is accompanied by traditionalist, Islamic conservativism in and through the ideological state apparatuses of the media, the mosque, and the education system, accompanied by the naked use of the repressive state apparatuses—such as the bullets,...
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